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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 75o 3.00' East  25o 36.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 400 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Ram Sagar Lake is about 24 km north of Bundi and 170 km south of Jaipur. It is an irrigation tank watering agricultural land in the surrounding areas through canal systems. The lake was constructed by the erstwhile Maharaja of Bundi for irrigation. More than 10,000 waterfowl are recorded during winter. Many pairs of Sarus Crane use the surrounding areas for breeding. In February 2002, during survey 8,000-10,000 waterfowl and two pairs of Sarus raising their chicks were recorded (Kulshreshtra, in litt. 2002). Due to scanty rainfall in 2002, this lake was reduced to 25% of its total capacity. Seventy-five percent of the wetland has submerged vegetation, dominated by Najas graminea, N. minor, Hydrilla verticillata, and Vallisneria natans. Only about 25 % of the area has emergent vegetation, which is found towards the periphery of the wetland. The species are mainly Ipomoea carnea and I. aquatica. Floating vegetation covers only 25% of the area. The major species are Nymphoides cristatum, Nymphaea pubescens and N. indica, Eichhornia crassipes and Cladophora. Lotus is commercially grown in the Lake.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Ram Sagar (Hindoli) is one of the most important wetlands in the semi-arid Bundi district. However, during the last few years, waterfowl numbers have declined from more than 20,000 to 8- 10,000 due to scanty rainfall. During normal rainfall years when the waterspread is extensive, and shallow areas become available at the fringes, up to 10 pairs of Sarus Cranes have been observed by local people. We have included it in the IBA list due to its great potential to attract more than 20,000 waterfowl, and because it is the nesting site for the globally threatened Sarus Crane. The Lake falls in Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: At the Ram Sagar (Hindoli) Lake, 13 commercially valuable species of fish were recorded from the reservoir (Kulshreshtha 2002). Not much is known about other fauna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2014 very high unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Artificial - aquatic   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Manoj Kulshreshtha.


Kulshreshtha, M. (2002) Important Wetlands of Rajasthan. Bombay Natural History Society and Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History. Unpublished report. Pp. 1-17.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ramsagar Lake. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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