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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 73o 10.00' East  24o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 51,114 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary is among the few sanctuaries in Rajasthan having a rich floral diversity. It abounds in flowering plants, shrubs, herbs and climbers, hence the name Phulwari, i.e the abode of flowers. It was the hunting ground of the erstwhile rulers of Bhomat, the region by which it is popularly known. It was declared as a Sanctuary in 1983 in recognition of its biodiversity. It comprises Tropical Dry Deciduous forests of miscellaneous species with rich growth of bamboo. The area is mostly inhabited by Meena, Garasiya and Kathodia tribals who still live in primitive conditions. The Sanctuary is situated amidst the Aravalli Range in Udaipur district of Rajasthan, c. 123 km southwest of Udaipur. It borders Gujarat state to the south and southeast. The terrain is mainly hilly with a network of streams and nallas. The main river, Wakal, flowing southwards, divides the Sanctuary into two and debouches into Sabarmati river in Gujarat State. The Sanctuary can be approached by road from Udaipur and Ahmedabad, which are 123 km and 140 km away respectively. The important woody vegetation along the watercourses in the Sanctuary comprises tall trees such as Buchanania lanzan, Pongamia pinnata, Madhuca indica, Terminalia arjuna, Syzygium cumini, Ficus bengalensis and Phoenix sylvestris. The upper and middle slopes of the hills bear Terminalia tomentosa, Lannea coromandelica, Wrightia spp., Anogeissus latifolia and Diospyros melanoxylon.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Phulwari Ki Nal Sanctuary 51,141 is identical to site 51,114  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Plantation
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Satish K. Sharma.

References 

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK Chundawat, P. S., Sharma, S. K.,and H. S. Solanki (2002) Occurrence of the Large Brown Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista philippensis) in Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan. Zoo’s Print Journal 17(11): 941.

Sharma, S. K. (1995) Amphibians of Phulwari Kival Wildlife Sanctuary. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 92(2): 271-272.

Sharma, S. K. (1997) Herpetofauna of Phulwari Kival Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan state. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 94(3): 573-575.

Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 1-23. Unpublished report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014

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