|Central coordinates||78o 4.98' East 26o 40.48' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary is one of the most important riverine sanctuaries of the country. It was created in 1978 specifically for the protection of the endangered aquatic reptile. Gharial Gavialis gangeticus. It extends over 650 km across the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. The area in question is a 26 km stretch of river between Jawaharsagar Dam and Kota Barrage. The river flows through a 100-150 m gorge. The evergreen flora of the valley is in marked contrast with the Anogeissus forest of the uplands. The vegetation of the Sanctuary mainly comprises of the riverine species along the coast of the river and the deciduous species in the region away from the river. Riverine species present near the waterline include Terminalia arjuna, Ficus glomerata and Syzygium cumini. The surrounding forest area is dominated by Anogeissus pendula, Boswellia serrata and Sterculia urens. (Satish K. Sharma pers. comm. 2003 )
AVIFAUNA: About 150 bird species are reported from the site (Vyas 1998). Five species of vultures, four species of storks, Great Horned Owl Bubo bubo, Sarus Crane Grus antigone, Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis, Small Indian Pratincole Glareola lactea, and lapwings are some of the common residents. During winter, large congregations of Large Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Brahminy Duck Tadorna ferruginea, and Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus may be seen. Approximately 150-200 nests of Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus have been sighted from the area in the past but the present number is not known. Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus and Woolly-necked or White-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus have been recorded in the Sanctuary. In India, it is one of the most important sites for the breeding of Indian Skimmer.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Gharial Gavialis gangeticus and Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris are common and the most important fauna after which the Sanctuary is named (Rao 1998). Red Crowned Roofed Terrapin Kachuga kachuga, Chitra Turtle Chitra indica, Ganges Soft Shell Aspideretes gangeticus and Small Indian Otter Lutra lutra constitute other important fauna. (Satish K. Sharma pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2013||very high||near favourable||medium|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Agricultural expansion and intensification||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Wetlands (inland)||0||0||moderate (70-90%)||good (> 90%)||near favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|National Chambal||Sanctuary||63,500||protected area contains site||5,200|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Rakesh Vyas and Satish K. Sharma.
Rao, R. J. (1998) Status of crocodiles and fresh water turtles in the Chambal river and Ganga river: A comparative analysis. Cobra 33: 31-34.
Vyas, R. (1998) Survey report of Wildlife of NCGS, submitted to Dept. of Forest, Govt. of Rajasthan and Indian Army.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) (part of National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary AZE). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014
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