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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 78o 4.98' East  26o 40.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 5,200 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description National Chambal Gharial Sanctuary is one of the most important riverine sanctuaries of the country. It was created in 1978 specifically for the protection of the endangered aquatic reptile. Gharial Gavialis gangeticus. It extends over 650 km across the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. The area in question is a 26 km stretch of river between Jawaharsagar Dam and Kota Barrage. The river flows through a 100-150 m gorge. The evergreen flora of the valley is in marked contrast with the Anogeissus forest of the uplands. The vegetation of the Sanctuary mainly comprises of the riverine species along the coast of the river and the deciduous species in the region away from the river. Riverine species present near the waterline include Terminalia arjuna, Ficus glomerata and Syzygium cumini. The surrounding forest area is dominated by Anogeissus pendula, Boswellia serrata and Sterculia urens. (Satish K. Sharma pers. comm. 2003 )

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
National Chambal Sanctuary 63,500 protected area contains site 5,200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Rakesh Vyas and Satish K. Sharma.


Rao, R. J. (1998) Status of crocodiles and fresh water turtles in the Chambal river and Ganga river: A comparative analysis. Cobra 33: 31-34.

Vyas, R. (1998) Survey report of Wildlife of NCGS, submitted to Dept. of Forest, Govt. of Rajasthan and Indian Army.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) (part of National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary AZE). Downloaded from on 02/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife