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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 72o 47.08' East  24o 40.83' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 28,884 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Being the only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is considered one of the most beautiful locations in the state. It comprises the famous Arbuda Hills (1,250-1,700 m) of the Aravalli Range made up of several valleys and steep mountain slopes. Guru Shikhar (1,722 m) in the Arbuda Hills is the highest peak between the Himalaya and the Nilgiri Hills. Mount Abu has a very rich floral diversity with xeromorphic Subtropical Thorn Forest at the foothills to Subtropical Semievergreen Forest along watercourses and valleys at higher altitudes. Due to this wide range of habitats, Mount Abu harbours rich avifaunal diversity. Good populations of Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonnerati and Red Spurfowl Galloperdix spadicea are found in the Sanctuary. Mount Abu is situated in the southwest region of Rajasthan, and separates the Western Desert Region from the Eastern Plateau and hilly terrain. By road, it is 28 km from Abu Road, which is c. 85 km from the district headquarters, Sirohi. The site contains about 830 plant species from 112 families of which 328 species are of medicinal value. Dicliptera abuensis is strictly endemic to Abu. The dominant plant species are Anogeissus sericea, Boswellia serrata, Mangifera indica, Phoenix sylvestris, Ficus bengalensis, other Ficus spp. Carissa opinarum, Caesalpinia spp. and Zizyphus spp.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mount Abu Sanctuary 28,884 is identical to site 28,884  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Rocky areas   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Plantation
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
other -
Notes: Pilgrim centre
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Watershed management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Raza Tehsin, Satish K. Sharma, Sarita Sharma, Satya P. Mehra.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Lodhiya, C. (1999) Sighting of Green Munia (Estrilda formosa) at Mt. Abu. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 39(4): 61.

Prakash, I. and Singh, P. (1995) Some observations on birds of Abu Hill, Aravallis Ranges. Pavo 33 (1&2): 99-110.

Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a Protected Area Network in India. Vol. 2 Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 1-23. Unpublished Report.

Tiwari, J. K. and Varu, S. M. (1999) Sighting of Green Munia (Estrilda formosa) in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 39(2): 29-30.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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