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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 73o 54.22' East  24o 33.38' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 57,825 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary in the Aravalli ranges is situated in the hilly tracts of Rajsamand, Udaipur and Pali districts. These wooded tracts formed the dividing line between the erstwhile states of Mewar and Marwar and were favourite hunting grounds of the rulers of these states. Kumbalgarh commands a spectacular view of the vast sandy plains of Marwar in the west, the northeast to southwest streak of parallel ranges of the Aravalli in the middle, and the undulating plains of Mewar in the east. The Sanctuary also forms a dividing line between the two major watersheds of Rajasthan. To its eastern side is found the source of the River Banas, which flows into the Bay of Bengal routed through the rivers Chambal, Yamuna and Ganga. The rainwater on the western slope forms small rivers including Sukdi, Mithadi, Sumer and Kot which form the tributaries of River Luni that flows out in the Great Rann of Kutch. The Sanctuary is well known for the presence of a large population of Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii and Grey Wolf Canis lupus. It is also one of the best protected forests left in the Aravalli mountains. The Sanctuary is connected by road to Udaipur (75 km), Rajsamand (40 km) and Pali (80 km). The nearest railway station is Falna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary 57,825 is identical to site 57,825  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Plantation
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Satish K. Sharma, Raza Tehsin, Satya P. Mehra, and Sarita Sharma..

References 

Chhangani, A. K. (2002) Avifauna of Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, in the Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan. Zoo’s Print Journal 17(4): 764-768.

Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a Protected Area Network in India. Vol. 2 Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Unpublished report. Pp. 1-23.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

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