|Central coordinates||73o 54.22' East 24o 33.38' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary in the Aravalli ranges is situated in the hilly tracts of Rajsamand, Udaipur and Pali districts. These wooded tracts formed the dividing line between the erstwhile states of Mewar and Marwar and were favourite hunting grounds of the rulers of these states. Kumbalgarh commands a spectacular view of the vast sandy plains of Marwar in the west, the northeast to southwest streak of parallel ranges of the Aravalli in the middle, and the undulating plains of Mewar in the east. The Sanctuary also forms a dividing line between the two major watersheds of Rajasthan. To its eastern side is found the source of the River Banas, which flows into the Bay of Bengal routed through the rivers Chambal, Yamuna and Ganga. The rainwater on the western slope forms small rivers including Sukdi, Mithadi, Sumer and Kot which form the tributaries of River Luni that flows out in the Great Rann of Kutch. The Sanctuary is well known for the presence of a large population of Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii and Grey Wolf Canis lupus. It is also one of the best protected forests left in the Aravalli mountains. The Sanctuary is connected by road to Udaipur (75 km), Rajsamand (40 km) and Pali (80 km). The nearest railway station is Falna.
AVIFAUNA: The Sanctuary, with perennial waterbodies and streams supports dense forest cover. More than 200 bird species are reported (Sharma 2002, Chhangani 2002). The threatened bird species are Sarus Crane Grus antigone and Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis, reported by Sharma (2002) and Chhangani (2002) respectively. Kumbalgarh is an excellent representative of the natural vegetation and avifauna of the Aravalli. Twenty five out of 59 bird species of Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone) are found here. The site was selected on the basis of criteria A3 (Biome restricted assemblages), although some threatened species are also found.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Among the large mammals, the Sanctuary harbours Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Four-horned antelope Tetracerus quadricornis and Bluebul Boselaphus tragocamelus Common Langur Semnopithecus entellus is a commonly seen primate of the Sanctuary. Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Golden Jackal C. aureus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Pangolin Manis crassicaudata, Porcupine Hystrix indica, Mongoose Herpestes edwardsii and Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis are the more commonly observed smaller mammals.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Green Avadavat Amandava formosa||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Forest||0||0||good (> 90%)||good (> 90%)||favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kumbhalgarh||Sanctuary||57,825||is identical to site||57,825|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Satish K. Sharma, Raza Tehsin, Satya P. Mehra, and Sarita Sharma..
Chhangani, A. K. (2002) Avifauna of Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary, in the Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan. Zoo’s Print Journal 17(4): 764-768.
Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a Protected Area Network in India. Vol. 2 Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Unpublished report. Pp. 1-23.
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