|Central coordinates||72o 24.00' East 27o 7.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Khichan, 150 km north of Jodhpur in the northern part of the Thar Desert, Rajasthan, is a small village off the main tourist track. The village has recently been recognized as a tourist spot by the Rajasthan Tourist Development Corporation, mainly due to the presence of large wintering flocks of Demoiselle Cranes Grus virgo. Khichan is located in a sandy desert area, so it has the typical xerophytic vegetation of the Thar. Among the tree species, Prosopis cineraria and Salvadora sp. are the commonest plants.
AVIFAUNA: Every year towards the end of August and in early September, just after the monsoon ceases, Demoiselle Cranes fly in from their breeding grounds on the steppes of Eurasia and Mongolia. The village is transformed overnight into a noisy crowded place, as krok-krok calls fill the air. The cranes have been attracted because for the last 150 years, villagers traditionally have fed them in a feeding house locally known as Chugga ghar. The number is about 4,000 (Rahmani 1997) but villagers claim that sometimes up to 10,000 are seen. The West Central Asia breeding population, which comes to the Indian subcontinent (especially western India) is estimated to be 100,000 birds, (Wetlands International 2002). Khichan has been selected as an IBA because it holds more than around 4% of the wintering population. Besides the Demoiselle cranes, Khichan holds most of the desert fauna and flora. The Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps is sometimes seen in the vicinity, especially during summer when it comes to drink water from the two lakes, which also attract assorted numbers of ducks and waders, but not in any significant number. The Black-capped Kingfisher Halcyon pileata, a coastal wetlands bird (Grimmett et al. 1998) has been sighted here. Among the globally threatened species, Oriental White-backed Gyps bengalensis and Long-billed Gyps indicus vultures are still seen, albeit in very small numbers. Stoliczka’s Bushchat Saxicola macrorhyncha may be present in the surrounding scrub areas.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The common mammals found in Khichan are the Red Fox Vulpes vulpes bengalensis and Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Bluebull Boselaphus tragocamelus is spreading due to availability of water from the Indira Gandhi Canal Project.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|No known threats||no known threats||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Artificial - terrestrial||0||0||good (> 90%)||good (> 90%)||favourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human settlement|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Manoj Kulshreshtha, Krishna Kumar Vyas and Satyanarain Rajpurohit.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd;, London, U.K.
Rahmani, A. R. (1997) The effect of Indira Gandhi Nahar Project on the avifauna of the Thar desert. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 94(2): 233- 266.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khichan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2015
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