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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 72o 24.00' East  27o 7.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 2,200 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Khichan, 150 km north of Jodhpur in the northern part of the Thar Desert, Rajasthan, is a small village off the main tourist track. The village has recently been recognized as a tourist spot by the Rajasthan Tourist Development Corporation, mainly due to the presence of large wintering flocks of Demoiselle Cranes Grus virgo. Khichan is located in a sandy desert area, so it has the typical xerophytic vegetation of the Thar. Among the tree species, Prosopis cineraria and Salvadora sp. are the commonest plants.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -
Desert   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlement

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Manoj Kulshreshtha, Krishna Kumar Vyas and Satyanarain Rajpurohit.

References 

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd;, London, U.K.

Rahmani, A. R. (1997) The effect of Indira Gandhi Nahar Project on the avifauna of the Thar desert. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 94(2): 233- 266.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Khichan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014

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