|Central coordinates||73o 52.67' East 24o 16.48' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Altitude||572 - 697m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 50 km south of Udaipur, amidst lush green valleys of the Aravallis Range. The forest of the Sanctuary used to be a Shikargah (Game Reserve) of the erstwhile Maharanas of Mewar. The world famous Jaisamand Lake forms an integral part of Sanctuary. Jaisamand Lake, one of Asia’s largest artificial aquatic bodies, was constructed by Maharana Jai Singh of Mewar in late 17th century (1691 AD) to provide water for the population of Udaipur. The lake now not only serves this purpose, but also provides an ideal habitat for many local and migratory birds. A small waterbody called the Dhebar Jheel existed here originally. A wall was constructed across the Aravalli to impound several rivers, converting this waterbody into a huge expanse of water with a span of 14 km at certain places. With a circumference of 88 km, the lake covers an area of 2,100 ha. According to folklore, nine rivers and ninety-nine rivulets feed Jaisamand. The lake receives water from four main rivers, the Gomti, Jhamari, Rooparel and Bagaar. The tree species of this IBA are representative of dry deciduous forests, and scrub forests such as Acacia leucophloea, A. nilotica, A. catechu, Tamarindus indica, Phoenix sylvestris, Anogeissus latifolia, A. pendula, Wrightia tinctoria, Azadirachta indica, Boswellia serrata, Sterculia urens and Butea monosperma. The wetland has no major natural macrophytic population but the marginal area have rich growth of Polygonum. The weeds Lantana camara and Parthenium sp. infest the Sanctuary area to a large extent, along with Prosopis chilensis.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Jaisamand||Sanctuary||5,200||protected area contained by site||5,200|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature Research and Conservation|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Irrigation and Water Supply|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Raza Tehsin, Satish K. Sharma, Satya P. Mehra, and Sarita Sharma.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Unpublished.
Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 23. Unpublished.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, the Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jaisamand Lake and Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014
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