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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 73o 52.67' East  24o 16.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 7,300 ha
Altitude 572 - 697m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 50 km south of Udaipur, amidst lush green valleys of the Aravallis Range. The forest of the Sanctuary used to be a Shikargah (Game Reserve) of the erstwhile Maharanas of Mewar. The world famous Jaisamand Lake forms an integral part of Sanctuary. Jaisamand Lake, one of Asia’s largest artificial aquatic bodies, was constructed by Maharana Jai Singh of Mewar in late 17th century (1691 AD) to provide water for the population of Udaipur. The lake now not only serves this purpose, but also provides an ideal habitat for many local and migratory birds. A small waterbody called the Dhebar Jheel existed here originally. A wall was constructed across the Aravalli to impound several rivers, converting this waterbody into a huge expanse of water with a span of 14 km at certain places. With a circumference of 88 km, the lake covers an area of 2,100 ha. According to folklore, nine rivers and ninety-nine rivulets feed Jaisamand. The lake receives water from four main rivers, the Gomti, Jhamari, Rooparel and Bagaar. The tree species of this IBA are representative of dry deciduous forests, and scrub forests such as Acacia leucophloea, A. nilotica, A. catechu, Tamarindus indica, Phoenix sylvestris, Anogeissus latifolia, A. pendula, Wrightia tinctoria, Azadirachta indica, Boswellia serrata, Sterculia urens and Butea monosperma. The wetland has no major natural macrophytic population but the marginal area have rich growth of Polygonum. The weeds Lantana camara and Parthenium sp. infest the Sanctuary area to a large extent, along with Prosopis chilensis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Common Coot Fulica atra 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Jaisamand Sanctuary 5,200 protected area contained by site 5,200  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Aquaculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Research and Conservation
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Irrigation and Water Supply

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Raza Tehsin, Satish K. Sharma, Satya P. Mehra, and Sarita Sharma.

References 

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Unpublished.

Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 23. Unpublished.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, the Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jaisamand Lake and Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

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