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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 74o 37.00' East  26o 26.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 0 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description This site is a group of several grassland areas, situated about 15 km northeast of Ajmer City, adjacent to National Highway No. 8. During a good monsoon, the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica breeds in some of the better protected grasslands (Sankaran 2000). Most of these grasslands are privately owned, and are maintained for fodder production. Owing to human population pressures, legal problems and growth and division of families, these grasslands are constantly being fragmented and converted to crop fields or put to other use. Killing of floricans by grassland owners is still a problem but due to intensive publicity by Ravi Sankaran, many owners now protect this endangered bird. Another species of conservation concern is the Sarus Crane Grus antigone, which breeds when rainfall is adequate. Sarus is not hunted at all, as it is considered a sacred bird. Prosopis chilensis and Acacia nilotica are the two dominant woody species, both in private and government lands. Privately protected sites are dominated by grasses, which are harvested from October- November or grazed by small herds of cattle. Common lands are heavily grazed upon throughout the year. No systematic study of the flora has been done.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: No detailed study has been undertaken, except for opportunistic observations made during surveys of the Lesser Floricans. Almost all bird species of seasonal semi-arid grasslands, such as larks, warblers, francolins and quail are seen. This IBA falls at the junction of three biomes i.e.Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone), Biome-12 (Indo-Gangetic Plains) and 13 (Saharo-Sindian Desert), therefore, some of the bird species representing these biomes are reported here. However, none of these biome-restricted species are presently of conservation concern.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: No large mammal or reptile of conservation concern is found in this site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2014 very high near favourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Pasture land; Village Panchayatland

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Ravi Sankaran and Asad R. Rahmani.


Sankaran, R. (2000) The status of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica in 1999. Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History, Coimbatore, and Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Unpublished report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Gawana Arain, Mangaliyawas, Ramsar, Goyal, Ratakot, Badar. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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