|Central coordinates||70o 45.02' East 26o 34.68' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description In order to protect the fauna and flora of the Thar Desert, the Government of India in the late 1970s started planning the establishment of a large sanctuary or a park where human pressure could be kept to a minimum and the wildlife could be given maximum security from hunters as well as from habitat alteration. The Desert Wildlife Sanctuary (popularly called Desert National Park) was the result of this planning. It is among the one of the three protected areas of the Thar Desert (Rahmani 1997). It was notified in 1984 and it was planned to gradually upgrade it to a Park, hence its popular name Desert National Park. One of the main purposes of establishing this Park was to protect the Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps. The major objective of the Park is to develop core areas (enclosures) in which human interference is kept to a minimum and livestock grazing is totally banned. In the initial stages, Sam, Sudasari, Phulia, and Miyajlar enclosures were established. Every year, the Forest Department is adding new enclosures. Presently, there are 28 enclosures. Besides the enclosures within the Park, there are six enclosures outside the boundary, which are called satellite conservation areas (Rahmani 1989, 1997).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata||unknown||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Desert||National Park||316,200||is identical to site||316,200|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|energy production and mining||-|
|Notes: ONGC oil exploration|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human habitation|
|Notes: Water canal|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Asad R. Rahmani.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Rahmani, A. R. (1989) The Uncertain Future of the Desert National Park in Rajasthan, India. Environmental Conservation 16 (3): 237-244.
Rahmani, A. R. (1996a) Status and distribution of Stoliczka’s Bushchat Saxicola macrorhyncha in India. Forktail 12: 61-77.
Rahmani, A. R. (1996b) Sight Record of Green Munia Amandava formosa in the Desert National Park, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93(2): 298-299 Rahmani, A. R. (1997) Wildlife in the Thar, World Wide Fund for Nature, New Delhi. Pp. 1-100.
Rahmani, A. R. (1998) Status survey of the Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii in the Thar desert of India. Final Report. Pp. 39. World Wide Fund for Nature-India and Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. Mumbai.
Rahmani, A. R. and Manakadan, R. (1989) Breeding records of the Cream-coloured Courser from India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 86: 447.
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