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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 75o 39.00' East  25o 27.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 300 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Bardha Dam is a medium sized irrigation dam, with an expanse of c. 300 ha. It is situated 20 km east of the district headquarters of Bundi. The wetland supports a large number of waterfowl, particularly migratory ducks, pelicans, flamingos, Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, Ruff, Philomachus pugnax Gadwall Anas Strepera, Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus and other waterbirds. The reservoir is controlled by the State Irrigation Department, as its main purpose is to supply water to farmers.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: The reservoir hosts Dalmatian Pelican (20-30: 1% population estimate), White Pelican (250: 1% population estimate), Comb Duck (100), Gadwall (5,000), Spoonbill (200), Ruff (2,000), Barheaded Goose (300), Sarus Crane (100: 1% population estimate) whose presence justifies its inclusion as an IBA site. Besides, it also fulfills criteria A1 (Threatened Species) and A3 (Biome Restricted Species). Over 10,000 aquatic birds of approximately 30 species have been recorded from the reservoir. Biome-restricted species of special conservation concern are Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa, Oriental White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis, Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus, Indian Courser Cursorius coromandelicus, and Yellowlegged Green-Pigeon Treron phoenicoptera.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Important fauna, other than birds are Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Chinkara Gazella bennettii and Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarkidiornis melanotos 2004  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  present  A4i  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Ruff Calidris pugnax 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high near favourable negligible
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Artificial - aquatic   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Jatinder Kaur and Manoj Kulshreshtha.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bardha Dam. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife