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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 75o 52.00' East  25o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 20,143 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Alniya is an irrigation tank that supports agriculture in the surrounding areas through minor and major canals. Many pairs of Sarus Crane Grus antigone use the habitat around the lake for breeding. In February 2002, Manoj Kulshreshtha, State Coordinator of IBCN, conducted a survey. He found 20-21,000 waterfowl in the lake, and 16 pairs of Sarus raising their chicks. Due to scanty rainfall in 2002, this lake was affected and reduced to one-fourth of its total capacity. With normal rainfall and consequently normal waterspread, there could be 30,000 waterfowl here. This is identified as an IBA on the basis of the large number of waterfowl that gather in this wetland in winter. No proper floral study has been conducted in this wetland. Common plants found in the waterbody were Ceratophyllum muricatum, Eichhornia crassipes, Ipomoea aquatica, Lemna aequinoctalis, Phragmites karka, Polygonum glabrum, Potamogeton pectinatus and Vallisneria spiralis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Manoj Kulshreshtha, Harkirat Singh Sangha and Rakesh Vyas.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Kulshreshtha, M. (2002) Important Wetlands of Rajasthan. Bombay Natural History Society and Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History. Unpublished report.

Sangha, H. S. and Kulshreshtha, M. (1998) Sighting of Indian Skimmer (Rynchops albicollis) in Rajasthan far from its fluvials (riverine) habitat. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 38 (5): 86-87.

Vyas, R. (1990) Status of endangered resident species of waterfowl at Kota in eastern Rajasthan. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 30 (9 & 10): 6-7.

Vyas, R. (1993) Population and Wetland Habitat Preference of Waterfowls at Kota. In: Bird Conservation Strategies for the Nineties and Beyond. (eds. A. Verghese, S. Sridhar and A. K. Chakravarthy). Ornithological Society of India. Pp. 33-38.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Alniya Dam. Downloaded from on 24/10/2014

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