email a friend
printable version
Location India, Punjab
Central coordinates 75o 24.83' East  31o 34.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 490 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Kanjli wetland, recently declared as Ramsar Site in February 2002, is located on Kali Bein river, an important tributary of Beas river. It is about 4 km from the famous ancient town, Kapurthala. It is a very old lake and came into existence in 1870 when a barrage was constructed on Kali Bein river. Basically, it is an irrigation reservoir. As water is used up for agricultural purposes, the water level goes down, thus attracting thousands of waterfowl and waders. It is about 20 km from Harike Lake, another IBA. The wetland is rich in aquatic flora, especially Phragmites and Typha. The River Bein has great religious significance as it is associated with the most revered Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Nanak Devji. Although it a very old wetland, conservation measures were started only about 15 years ago. A Five Year Plan for conservation of this wetland was prepared in 1998-99.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Not much is known about the bird life of this important site but the birds are not very different from nearby Harike Lake (an IBA). According to WWF (undated), this wetland attracts a large number of resident and migratory birds, and it also acts as an important staging ground for long distance migratory birds. About 50 species of birds have been reported. The waterfowl consists of Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller Anas clypeata, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos, Common teal Anas crecca, Wigeon Anas strepera, Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula, and White-eyed Pochard or Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca. Total number of birds could reach 20,000 figures.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: As this wetland is surrounded by human habitation, there is not much of large terrestrial fauna, except for an occasional Golden Jackal Canis aureus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca unknown  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula unknown  2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2003 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kanjli Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 183 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Satnam Singh Ladhar.


WWF (undated) WWF-Fact Sheet. Kanjli Lake: Punjab. World Wide Fund for Nature-India, and Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kanjli Lake. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife