|Central coordinates||75o 24.83' East 31o 34.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Kanjli wetland, recently declared as Ramsar Site in February 2002, is located on Kali Bein river, an important tributary of Beas river. It is about 4 km from the famous ancient town, Kapurthala. It is a very old lake and came into existence in 1870 when a barrage was constructed on Kali Bein river. Basically, it is an irrigation reservoir. As water is used up for agricultural purposes, the water level goes down, thus attracting thousands of waterfowl and waders. It is about 20 km from Harike Lake, another IBA. The wetland is rich in aquatic flora, especially Phragmites and Typha. The River Bein has great religious significance as it is associated with the most revered Sikh Guru, Shri Guru Nanak Devji. Although it a very old wetland, conservation measures were started only about 15 years ago. A Five Year Plan for conservation of this wetland was prepared in 1998-99.
AVIFAUNA: Not much is known about the bird life of this important site but the birds are not very different from nearby Harike Lake (an IBA). According to WWF (undated), this wetland attracts a large number of resident and migratory birds, and it also acts as an important staging ground for long distance migratory birds. About 50 species of birds have been reported. The waterfowl consists of Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller Anas clypeata, Mallard Anas platyrhynchos, Common teal Anas crecca, Wigeon Anas strepera, Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula, and White-eyed Pochard or Ferruginous Pochard Aythya nyroca. Total number of birds could reach 20,000 figures.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: As this wetland is surrounded by human habitation, there is not much of large terrestrial fauna, except for an occasional Golden Jackal Canis aureus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Pintail Anas acuta||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Gadwall Mareca strepera||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Teal Anas crecca||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||unknown||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kanjli||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||183||unknown||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Satnam Singh Ladhar.
WWF (undated) WWF-Fact Sheet. Kanjli Lake: Punjab. World Wide Fund for Nature-India, and Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kanjli Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2015
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