email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 3o 10.00' West  37o 25.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C2, C6
Area 47,000 ha
Altitude 650 - 1,100m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A semi-arid area with non-irrigated cereal crops, open Quercus woodland and extensive areas of low scrub and dry grasslands.

Key Biodiversity An important area for steppic species and passerines characteristic of semi-arid agricultural sites. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Tetrax tetrax (100 resident individuals).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1995  150 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Not Recognised 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  1995  150 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1995  40 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Near Threatened 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1995  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1995  abundant  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla breeding  1995  common  B2  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1995  300 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high very unfavourable negligible
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Geological events avalanches/landslides happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium

Pterocles orientalis Black-bellied Sandgrouse 150 75 breeding pairs 50 unfavourable
Coracias garrulus European Roller 40 9 breeding pairs 23 very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
RIO GUADIANA MENOR - TRAMO SUPERIOR - ES6160015 Habitats Directive 32 protected area overlaps with site 16  
SIERRA DE BAZA - ES6140001 Habitats Directive 53,649 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Desert Semidesert  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 40%
hunting 26%

Protection status National None International None

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hoya de Guadix. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife