|Central coordinates||84o 56.85' East 20o 33.12' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||63 - 926m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary lies on either side of the River Mahanadi, in the districts of Dhenkanal, Cuttack, Puri and Phulbani. The name Satkosia refers to the 14 mile long, deep gorge formed on the Mahanadi (saat = seven, kos = 2 miles). The area can be broadly classified under woodland ecosystem, except for the freshwater aquatic ecosystem in the gorge. The Sanctuary extends over 79,525 ha, including a 32 km stretch of river bed (Choudhury, undated). The area was declared a sanctuary mainly to protect the Gharial Gavialis gangeticus and Mugger Crocodile Crocodylus palustris. This is one of the few riverine sanctuaries in India. There is a proposal to declare Satkosia Gorge WLS as a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger. The woodland ecosystem can be classified as Northern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest and Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest. Sal Shorea robusta is the dominant tree in the former type. The canopy is irregular, with trees of unequal ages. Owing to the remote and difficult terrain, not much deforestation has occurred. The dry deciduous forest is bare and leafless in summer. The main species are Anogeissus latifolia, Terminalia tomentosa, Adina cordifolia and Albizzia lebbeck.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Bristled Grassbird Chaetornis striata||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Satkosia-Gorge||Sanctuary||74,552||is identical to site||74,552|
Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Wild Orissa (Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary)||1997|
|Nature Environment and Wildlife Society (Satkosia WLS)||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Bivash Pandav, B. C. Choudhury, Biswajit Mohanty and Monalisa Bhujabal.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Choudhury, L. N. (undated) Management Plan of Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary (Orissa): 1978-79 to 1982-83. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm, U.K.
Ripley, S. D. (1978) Changes in the bird fauna of a forest area, Simlipal Hills, Mayurbhanj District, and Dhenkal District, Orissa. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 75: 570-574.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014
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