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Location India, Orissa
Central coordinates 85o 26.00' East  19o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 0 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Mangaljodi village is located about 5 km from Tangi in district Khurda, 60 km from Bhubaneshwar. It is one of the villages surrounding Chilka Lake. This village is connected to the northern sector of Chilika Lake and Kalupada Ghat by way of channels dug through the Phragmites karka reed bed. The area includes Mangaljodi Ghera. Mangaljodi is primarily a freshwater zone with marshes, emergent vegetation and reed beds consisting mostly of Typha and Phragmites karka.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: The marshes around Mangaljodi, and the open water between Kalupada Ghat and Teenmuhani, attract a large congregation of waterfowl, especially the dabbling ducks such as Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller A. clypeata, Garganey A. querquedula and Brahminy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea. A very huge population of waterfowl is found on this site. The estimates were over 3,00,000 and 2,40,000 respectively for 2002 and 2003 (S. Balachandran pers. comm. 2003). Populations of at least 15 species exceed 1% of their bio-geographical population, as estimated by Wetlands International (2002). Over 100,000 Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula representing 10% of the geographical population have been recorded. Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina also occurs in tens of thousands, along with Large Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor (14,500) and Lesser Whistling Duck D. javanicus (2800). The reed beds are frequented by over 10,000 Purple Moorhen or Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, 15,000 Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, 15,000 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus and more than 5,000 Cotton Teal or Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelicus. Over 400 Grey-headed Lapwings Vanellus cinereus were counted in Mangaljodi area which is more than 1% of their biogeographical population (Balachandran et al. 2002a, b, 2003). The reed beds are also roosting sites for many thousands of Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar and Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus, Indian Great Reed Warbler or Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus, Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra, and Red Munia or Red Avadavat Amandava amandava.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: No information available.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Fulvous Whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Gallinula chloropus 2004  present  A4i  Not Recognised 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Wild Orissa (Mangal Jodi) 1997

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - aquatic   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture

Acknowledgements Key contributors: S. Balachandran and Wild Orissa.

References 

Balachandran, S., A. R. Rahmani and Sathiyaselvam, P. (2002a) Habitat evaluation of Chilika Lake with special reference to birds as Bioindicators. Half yearly Report (December 20001 to June 2002) Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Balachandran, S., A. R. Rahmani and Sathiyaselvam, P. (2002b) Habitat evaluation of Chilika Lake with special reference to birds as Bioindicators. Half yearly Report (July to December 2002) Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Balachandran, S., A. R. Rahmani and Sathiyaselvam, P. (2003) Habitat evaluation of Chilika Lake with special reference to birds as Bioindicators. Annual Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: 3rd Edn, Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mangal Jodi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

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