|Central coordinates||85o 26.00' East 19o 52.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Mangaljodi village is located about 5 km from Tangi in district Khurda, 60 km from Bhubaneshwar. It is one of the villages surrounding Chilka Lake. This village is connected to the northern sector of Chilika Lake and Kalupada Ghat by way of channels dug through the Phragmites karka reed bed. The area includes Mangaljodi Ghera. Mangaljodi is primarily a freshwater zone with marshes, emergent vegetation and reed beds consisting mostly of Typha and Phragmites karka.
AVIFAUNA: The marshes around Mangaljodi, and the open water between Kalupada Ghat and Teenmuhani, attract a large congregation of waterfowl, especially the dabbling ducks such as Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller A. clypeata, Garganey A. querquedula and Brahminy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea. A very huge population of waterfowl is found on this site. The estimates were over 3,00,000 and 2,40,000 respectively for 2002 and 2003 (S. Balachandran pers. comm. 2003). Populations of at least 15 species exceed 1% of their bio-geographical population, as estimated by Wetlands International (2002). Over 100,000 Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula representing 10% of the geographical population have been recorded. Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina also occurs in tens of thousands, along with Large Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor (14,500) and Lesser Whistling Duck D. javanicus (2800). The reed beds are frequented by over 10,000 Purple Moorhen or Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, 15,000 Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, 15,000 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus and more than 5,000 Cotton Teal or Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelicus. Over 400 Grey-headed Lapwings Vanellus cinereus were counted in Mangaljodi area which is more than 1% of their biogeographical population (Balachandran et al. 2002a, b, 2003). The reed beds are also roosting sites for many thousands of Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar and Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus, Indian Great Reed Warbler or Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus, Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra, and Red Munia or Red Avadavat Amandava amandava.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: No information available.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Fulvous Whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Cotton Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Gallinula chloropus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Not Recognised|
|Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Grey-headed Lapwing Vanellus cinereus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|Wild Orissa (Mangal Jodi)||1997|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: S. Balachandran and Wild Orissa.
Balachandran, S., A. R. Rahmani and Sathiyaselvam, P. (2002a) Habitat evaluation of Chilika Lake with special reference to birds as Bioindicators. Half yearly Report (December 20001 to June 2002) Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.
Balachandran, S., A. R. Rahmani and Sathiyaselvam, P. (2002b) Habitat evaluation of Chilika Lake with special reference to birds as Bioindicators. Half yearly Report (July to December 2002) Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.
Balachandran, S., A. R. Rahmani and Sathiyaselvam, P. (2003) Habitat evaluation of Chilika Lake with special reference to birds as Bioindicators. Annual Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: 3rd Edn, Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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