email a friend
printable version
Location India, Orissa
Central coordinates 85o 40.20' East  20o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 17,579 ha
Altitude 40 - 202m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Chandaka was declared a sanctuary for the Asian Elephant Elephas maximus. It covers major portions of Chankada and Dampara ranges of Puri Forest Division, and forms a compact and contiguous forest tract. The reserve lies to the west of the Cuttack-Khurda road between Barang and Chhatabar, c. 20 km from Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa. The ground is generally undulating, interrupted by small hills. The northeastern and central portions are generally flat. The highest peak is 202 m (Mishra, undated). There is no perennial stream or river in the Sanctuary, as its topography is such that water drains away rapidly. The situation is further aggravated by deforestation and overgrazing. Kumarkhunti reservoir (100 ha) is the only water reservoir inside the Sanctuary that sustains wildlife during the summer.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Kumarkhunti reservoir used to hold breeding populations of about 5,000 Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans on the bamboo along the shores, but for the past four years the storks are not nesting as the trees have died due to excessive deposition of uric acid from the guano. But with the planting of new trees, the storks are likely to return for breeding. Wetlands International (2002) estimates 125,000 as the breeding population of the Asian Openbill in South Asia, which means that before the birds abandoned the nesting colony, about 4% of the biogeographical population used to breed at this site. Besides the two widely distributed Gyps vultures, the globally threatened Purple Wood-Pigeon Columba punicea and Broadtailed Grass-Warbler Schoenicola platyura have also been reported by the participants of the BNHS-IBA workshops. The site lies in Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone). Of the 59 species listed in Biome-11 from India, 25 have been found at this IBA site, proving it a good representative of Biome-11 species. Three species occurring in Biome-10 (Indian Peninsula Tropical Moist Forest) are also reported from here, but need further confirmation. They are the Small Green-billed Malkoha Phaenicophaeus viridirostris, Indian Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii and Loten’s Sunbird Nectarinia lotenia.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not much is known about other wildlife of this area, except that it holds a population of about 70 Asian Elephant. Other mammals recorded include Wild Dog Coun alphinus, Leopard Panthera pardus, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus. Pythons and Monitor Lizards also occur here in good numbers.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chandaka Sanctuary 17,579 is identical to site 17,579  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Wild Orissa (Chandaka-Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary) 1997


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Bivash Pandav, B. C. Choudhury, Biswajit Mohanty and Wild Orissa.


Mishra, S. K. (undated). A scheme for Chandaka Elephant Reserve. Forest Department, Wildlife Wing, Government of Orissa.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates - Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Chandaka - Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife