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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 2o 41.00' West  37o 35.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C2, C6
Area 38,600 ha
Altitude 700 - 1,443m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A semi-arid area mostly covered by cereal cultivation, interspersed with scrub. The main human activities are arable cultivation and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for steppic species and passerines characteristic of semi-arid agricultural sites, particularly Calandrella rufescens. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Tetrax tetrax (resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1996  150 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Not Recognised 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1996  40 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1996  abundant  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens resident  1996  abundant  B2  Least Concern 
Dupont's Lark Chersophilus duponti breeding  1990  20 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1996  200 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Semidesert  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Ruderal land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
hunting 80%
nature conservation and research -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hoya de Baza. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife