|Central coordinates||94o 45.00' East 25o 39.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||1,500 - 2,500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Mount Ziphu is located in the south-eastern part of Nagaland in Phek district, within the catchment area of the Chindwin river of Myanmar. This IBA is hilly, Mount Ziphu being the highest peak with an elevation of 2500 m above msl. The hilltop and adjacent slopes have some fine stands of primary subtropical and temperate broadleaf forest, with small areas of temperate broadleaf forest on the hilltop.
AVIFAUNA: This IBA was first surveyed in 1950 by S. Dillon Ripley (1952). A number of globally threatened species have been recorded, including the Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis and Blyth’s Tragopan Tragopan blythii. However both the species are rare (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae occurs at the grassy forest edge in secondary forest (Choudhury 2002), while the only record of the rare Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola in Nagaland was from this IBA (Choudhury 2003). Although Ripley (1952) obtained specimens of many species from Ziphu, he did not mention any of the threatened species.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Primates such as the Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock and Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides have become extremely rare, but they still occur. Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis, Leopard Panthera pardus and Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus are some other noteworthy mammals (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Mrs Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sphenocichla humei||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Not Recognised|
|Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Agriculture (Jhum)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury, Khekiho Sohe, Thomas Kent and Hakim.
Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Survey of Mrs Hume’s Pheasant in NE India. Final report OBC, UK. Report No. 5. The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India, Guwahati: 30pp, maps, photos.
Choudhury, A. U. (2003) Some additions to the birds of Nagaland.Forktail 19: 150.
Ripley, S. D. (1952) A collection of birds from the Naga Hills. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 475- 514.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Ziphu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/02/2016
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