|Central coordinates||94o 21.00' East 25o 41.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||1,600 - 2,426m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Located in Phek district in southern Nagaland, Mount Zanibu IBA is known for its lake, rich forest and for the presence of Blyth’s Tragopan Tragopan blythii and Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis. The lake is known as Dzudu and is surrounded by dense forest (Choudhury 2002a). This IBA is hilly, with Mount Zanibu being the highest point at 2,426 m above msl. The area is covered with primary Subtropical Broadleaf forest, with small areas of Temperate Broadleaf forest on the hill tops.
AVIFAUNA: Besides the Rufous-necked Hornbill and Blyth’s Tragopan, Mrs Hume’s Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae has been reported, especially from the border, which is covered with secondary forest, trees and grass (Choudhury 2002b). There is an old record of another globally threatened species, the Purple Wood or Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea from near Phek (Ripley 1952), which is not far from this IBA. Except for a brief survey by Choudhury (2002a) there has been no detailed study in the area. The Purple Wood Pigeon has not been re-sighted by any one else recently.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Dhole or Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Leopard Panthera pardus, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak and Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis are the noteworthy mammals (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Mrs Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury, Khekiho Sohe and Thomas Kent.
Choudhury, A. U. (2002a) Major inland wetlands of north-eastern india. A report submitted to SACON, Coimbatore. Pp. 49.
Choudhury, A. U. (2002b) Survey of Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant: NE India. Final Report to OBC, UK Technical Report No. 5 of The Rhino Foundation for Nature NE India, Guwahati. Pp. 30.
Ripley, S. D. (1952) A collection of birds from the Naga Hills. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 475- 514.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Zanibu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2016
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