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Location India, Nagaland
Central coordinates 93o 39.00' East  25o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 1,400 - 2,062m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Mount Paona is in the Barail Range, a part of the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA) in Paren district in southwestern Nagaland. The highest peak in this montane IBA is 2,062 m above msl. The hilltop and adjacent areas have good tree cover. The nearest town is Peren, district headquarter.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: This IBA is known for its population of Blyth’s Tragopan Tragopan blythii (Choudhury 2001). The other globally threatened species recorded is the Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis, though it is very rare. Four more hornbill species occur here, including the Near Threatened Great Pied Buceros bicornis and Brown Anorrhinus tickelli. All hornbills are rare because of hunting for meat and feathers. The latter is in great demand for use in ceremonial headdresses. Galliformes such as the Kaleej Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos, Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus, Mountain Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola fytchii, Rufous-throated Hill Partridge Arborophila rufogularis and Common Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola occur widely.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang, Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis, Leopard Panthera pardus and Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus are some noteworthy mammals (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Streak-throated Barwing Actinodura waldeni resident  2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis resident  2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Beautiful Sibia Heterophasia pulchella resident  2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri resident  2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2003 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
forestry -
Notes: Forests

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury and Khekiho Sohe.


Choudhury, A. U. (2001) Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India. Forktail 17: 91-103.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mount Paona. Downloaded from on 30/11/2015

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