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Location India, Nagaland
Central coordinates 94o 57.35' East  25o 48.83' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 30,000 ha
Altitude 2,000 - 3,842m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary (642 ha) is on the slopes of Saramati Mountain. Fakim-Saramati is c. 30 km from the nearest township Pungro, which lies in Kiphire sub division of Tuensang district. The Sanctuary was constituted for the protection of Blyth’s Tragopan Tragopan blythii. The topography of the whole Sanctuary is montane, with undisturbed pristine forest. Several nullahs and streams intersect the area. Saramati Mountain is on the Indo-Myanmar international boundary and is an extensive wilderness with excellent subtropical and temperate forest (Choudhury 2002).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Mrs Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fakim Sanctuary 641 protected area contained by site 641  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Saramati SSG 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Jhum cultivation
forestry -
Notes: Forest

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury, Khekiho Shohe and Thomas Kent.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Choudhury, A. (1997) The status of the Sumatran Rhinoceros in northeast India. Oryx 31 (2): 151-152.

Choudhury, A. U. (2001) Some bird records from Nagaland, north-east India. Forktail 17: 91-103.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Survey of Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant: NE India. Final Report to OBC, UK Technical Report No. 5 of The Rhino Foundation for Nature NE India, Guwahati.30 pp.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary and Saramati area. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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