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Location India, Madhya Pradesh
Central coordinates 75o 41.00' East  22o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 14,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The ruler of erstwhile Indore state created Yeshwantsagar reservoir in 1939 to meet the growing needs of the city. Made by the construction of a dam on the Gambhir river, the reservoir is situated at a distance of c. 21 km from Indore, which is also known as the business capital of Madhya Pradesh and is well connected by both air and rail routes. Water from the reservoir is mainly used for irrigation and drinking purposes and supports the requirement of Indore, which is shared by the Narmada river as well. Open fields on almost all sides surround Yeshwantsagar reservoir. The main cultivation is wheat, corn, pulses and cash crops. The terrain is mostly flat and devoid of undulating areas. The aquatic vegetation comprises mostly of Ipomoea, water lily, lotus and reeds. The reservoir is mostly shallow, good for waders and other waterfowl. As the water level recedes, many islands serve as roosting sites for waterfowl.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Grus antigone resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   -
Artificial - aquatic   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Irrigation and potable water

Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. S. Gopi Sundar and Koustubh Sharma.

References 

Gopi Sundar, K. S., Kaur, J. and Choudhury, B. C. (1999) Distribution, general ecology and conservation status of the Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) in India. Results of an all-India survey 1998-99. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun, Pp. 122.

Gopi Sundar, K. S., Kaur, J. and Choudhury B. C. (2000) Distribution, demography and conservation status of the Indian Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) in India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 97:319-339.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Yeshwantsagar Reservoir. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014

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