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Location India, Madhya Pradesh
Central coordinates 80o 4.78' East  24o 25.93' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 54,267 ha
Altitude 200 - 550m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Panna National Park is located in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh and spreads over two districts, Panna and Chhattarpur. It is 37 km from the airport at Khajuraho, a World Heritage site famous for its beautifully sculpted temples. Satna is the nearest railhead, c. 70 km from the Park headquarters. The forest of Panna was the game reserve of the erstwhile princely states of Bijawar, Chhattarpur and Panna. The boundaries of the earlier Gangau Wildlife Sanctuary were modified in 1981, to create the present Panna National Park. In 1994, it became India’s 22nd Tiger Reserve. Panna can boast of some of the most ruggedly beautiful scenery, vast flat plateaux separated by steep escarpments, ranging from 30 to 100 m. Talgoan and Hinota plateau extend over roughly half of the Park. Three villages located on the Hinota plateau were relocated in the early 1980s, creating a large area free of human disturbance (Yoganand 2001). This now forms the core area of the Park. More than a third of the Park the Chandranagar range, lies to the west of the Ken river. This area is a mosaic of tablelands and valleys. Unfortunately, this range suffers from high biotic pressure due to its proximity to villages. Ken River, which joins the Yamuna, passes through the Park forming a perennial source of water in this area. The main forest types in the Park are Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest with Teak Tectona grandis. Although predominantly an open forest, Panna supports varied vegetation types: closed canopy forested areas, which occur mostly along the escarpments, stream beds and less disturbed areas; open forests with short grass and shrub understorey; open savannah woodlands on the shallow plateau; tall grasslands that grow in relocated village sites and degraded scrub, largely towards the south and the periphery (Yoganand 2001).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Panna National Park 54,267 is identical to site 54,267  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Panna SSG 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
energy production and mining -
Notes: Mining industries
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
other -
Notes: Pilgrimage
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Koustubh Sharma and T. Yoganand.


Gogate, N., Yoganand, K and Sinha, B. C. (2002) The birds of Panna National Park: A checklist. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.

Yoganand, K. (2001) Panna through the seasons. Sanctuary Asia 21(6): 34-39.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Panna National Park. Downloaded from on 02/10/2014

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