|Location||India, Madhya Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||80o 4.78' East 24o 25.93' North|
|Altitude||200 - 550m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Panna National Park is located in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh and spreads over two districts, Panna and Chhattarpur. It is 37 km from the airport at Khajuraho, a World Heritage site famous for its beautifully sculpted temples. Satna is the nearest railhead, c. 70 km from the Park headquarters. The forest of Panna was the game reserve of the erstwhile princely states of Bijawar, Chhattarpur and Panna. The boundaries of the earlier Gangau Wildlife Sanctuary were modified in 1981, to create the present Panna National Park. In 1994, it became India’s 22nd Tiger Reserve. Panna can boast of some of the most ruggedly beautiful scenery, vast flat plateaux separated by steep escarpments, ranging from 30 to 100 m. Talgoan and Hinota plateau extend over roughly half of the Park. Three villages located on the Hinota plateau were relocated in the early 1980s, creating a large area free of human disturbance (Yoganand 2001). This now forms the core area of the Park. More than a third of the Park the Chandranagar range, lies to the west of the Ken river. This area is a mosaic of tablelands and valleys. Unfortunately, this range suffers from high biotic pressure due to its proximity to villages. Ken River, which joins the Yamuna, passes through the Park forming a perennial source of water in this area. The main forest types in the Park are Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest with Teak Tectona grandis. Although predominantly an open forest, Panna supports varied vegetation types: closed canopy forested areas, which occur mostly along the escarpments, stream beds and less disturbed areas; open forests with short grass and shrub understorey; open savannah woodlands on the shallow plateau; tall grasslands that grow in relocated village sites and degraded scrub, largely towards the south and the periphery (Yoganand 2001).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Panna||National Park||54,267||is identical to site||54,267|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|energy production and mining||-|
|Notes: Mining industries|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Koustubh Sharma and T. Yoganand.
Gogate, N., Yoganand, K and Sinha, B. C. (2002) The birds of Panna National Park: A checklist. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.
Yoganand, K. (2001) Panna through the seasons. Sanctuary Asia 21(6): 34-39.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Panna National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014
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