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Location India, Madhya Pradesh
Central coordinates 77o 41.43' East  25o 28.83' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 37,522 ha
Altitude 360 - 480m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Madhav National Park was established in 1958 at the time of the creation of the state of Madhya Pradesh. It got its present name in 1959, when it was given final notification of establishment. The Park adjoins Shivpuri town, and is located about 110 km south of the city of Gwalior. Two national highways, N-3 Bombay-Agra and N-25 Shivpuri-Bhognipur, pass through the Park. The Park also has a good network of motorable roads for tourists. The Park is interspersed with hills and valleys of the central Indian Vindhyachal hill ranges. It is very popular amongst local tourists and visitors, but not so much among foreign tourists. It was the hunting preserve and summer resort of the former Maharaja of Gwalior. It is reported that in 1916, Lord Hardinge shot eight tigers in one day in the Shivpuri forests, and Lord Minto shot 19 tigers during his trip to Gwalior State. These forests enjoyed a high degree of protection up to 1946. In 1918, the Maharaja of Gwalior constructed dams on the Manihar river, creating the Sakhya Sagar (300 ha) and Madhav lakes (49 ha). With their scenic beauty and complete infrastructure for wildlife conservation, these reservoirs now attract thousands of waterfowl. The forests of the Park are typically Mixed Dry Deciduous. Important tree species in the Park are Anogeissus pendula, Boswellia serrata and Acacia catechu.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Madhav National Park 37,522 is identical to site 37,522  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - aquatic   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry activities
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani and Shailesh Pathak.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Hussain, S. A. (1998) Bird Migration 1987-1992. Phase II. Final Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp. 142.

Saxena, R. (1990) The Cranes of Madhav National Park. J. Ecol. Soc. 3: 37-40.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Madhav National Park. Downloaded from on 30/10/2014

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