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Location India, Madhya Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 9.98' East  25o 41.73' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 371 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Karera Bustard Sanctuary in Shivpuri district has one of the richest wetlands of the state, Dihaila jheel. Being entirely rainfed, the size of Dihaila jheel varies from year to year, depending on the quantity of the monsoon rain received which falls between July and September. Two barrages help to impound the water, which is released through sluice gates for irrigation. Being used in all possible ways, the jheel is an extremely important feature of the area. Dihaila jheel helps local inhabitants by providing water for irrigation during years of good rainfall, land for cultivation during poor rainfall years, and pasture for livestock as the jheel dries out (Rahmani 1987). A variety of birds find a haven in the jheel throughout the year. These include resident, breeding and Palearctic migratory birds. As the Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps has disappeared totally from the Karera Bustard Sanctuary (Rahmani 2002), and there does not appear any chance for its revival, we have taken only Dihaila jheel as an IBA. Besides Dihaila, there are many more man-made waterbodies within Karera Bustard Sanctuary. The important ones are Ronija tank (10-15 ha), Barsori-Fatehpur tank (30-40 ha), Berkhera tank (104 ha), Karhai-Ramgarha (20 ha), and Gadha tank (20 ha). All these water bodies are included in this IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius winter  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature education
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Asad R. Rahmani.


Hussain, S. A., Ambedkar, V. C., Balachandran, S., Mohapatra, K. K., Prakash, V., Akhtar, S. A., Rao, P., Tiwari, J. K., Javed, S., Menon, J. P. K. and Ghosalia, N.(1988-89) Bird Migration Project. Technical report No. 1. Bombay Natural History Society.

Natarajan, V. and Sugathan, R. (1987) The Scaup Duck (Aythya marila) in Madhya Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 84(3): 679.

Rahmani, A. R. (1987) Dihaila Jheel: Conservation Strategies. Technical Report No.12. Bombay Natural History Society.

Rahmani, A. R. (1988) Dihaila Jheel- a new Candidate for the Ramsar Convention. Oryx 22 (4): 211-215.

Rahmani, A. R. (1991) Birds of the Karera Bustard Sanctuary, Madhya Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 88: 172-194.

Rahmani, A. R. (2002) The deteriorating status of the Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps. OBC Bulletin 35: 45-47.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands. Downloaded from on 22/08/2014

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