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Location India, Madhya Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 17.78' East  22o 33.37' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 48,572 ha
Altitude 300 - 1,352m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Bori Wildlife Sanctuary gets its name from the River Bori. It lies on the southern slopes of the Satpura Hills in Hoshangabad district. It has the distinction of being the first forest reserve declared in India (Pai 1993). Mahadeo Ranges, which form a part of Satpura National Park and Pachmarhi Sanctuary, bind this Sanctuary to the north, while the River Tawa forms its western and southwestern boundaries. Several streams and rivulets of the Bori and Sonbhadra rivers provide water inside the Sanctuary. The terrain varies from steep slopes in the east to plain or undulating land in the west. According to Champion and Seth (1968), Bori has South Indian Moist Deciduous Forest, sub-type Moist Teak Forests. It has many riparian forests along the streams. This area lies in the Teak and Sal transition zone which makes it very interesting from the faunal point of view.Bori Wildlife Sanctuary was intensively worked for Teak and Bamboo till 1991.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 230 species of birds are reported from this IBA (Prachi Mehta pers. comm. 2003). Both the Critically Endangered Gyps species have been recorded from this IBA. BirdLife International (undated) has identified 59 species of birds present in Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone). In this IBA, 35 Biome-11 species are seen, perhaps the highest number known to occur in any IBA in central India. Besides Biome-11, three species of Biome-10 (Indian Peninsular Tropical Moist Zone) are also found. They are Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros coronatus, Malabar Whistling Thrush Myiophonus horsfieldii and Indian Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii. Bori has both Grey Gallus sonneratii and Red Gallus gallus Junglefowls, which are reported to hybridize in this area (Ali and Ripley 1987).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Almost all large and small mammals of central India are found in Bori. Till now, 25 species of mammals have been recorded, from Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, to Mouse Deer or Chevrotain Moschiola meminna. Three species of antelopes are found: Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Four-horned Antelope Tetracerus quadricornis and Chinkara Gazella bennettii. Bori is also famous for its herds of wild Gaur Bos frontalis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2003 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bori Sanctuary 48,572 is identical to site 48,572  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Koustubh Sharma and Prachi Mehta.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. (unpublished).

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India. Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.

Pai, A. (1993) Avian communities in the riparian areas of Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, India. M.Sc. Dissertation, Saurashtra University, Rajkot.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bori Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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