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Location India, Madhya Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 7.00' East  23o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 7,690 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Barna Reservoir is located beside the national highway NH-12, c. 85 km from Bhopal, the state capital and c. 45 km from the nearest railhead, Obedullaganj. It is one of the most important waterbodies of Raisen district. The reservoir has dense forest on three sides, and shares its perimeter with two sanctuaries as its bund lies inside Singhori WLS while the backwaters lie inside the Ratapani WLS (an IBA). Barna Reservoir, apart from being a perennial water source to the animals of the sanctuaries, provides refuge to thousands of migratory birds during winter. It is mainly used for fishing and irrigation, and was created by damming the Barna river under the Narmada Valley Project. The reservoir looks like an amoeba when seen from above, with large numbers of bays and meandering inland channels, surrounded on both sides by forest or agricultural land. These extensive belts of shallow water are ideal for waterfowl and waders. The forest around Barna belongs to Mixed Dry Deciduous category. Most forest is open and subjected to heavy biotic pressure. Apart from natural vegetation, the reservoir shares its boundary with miles of agricultural land.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Irrigation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Koustubh Sharma.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Barna Reservoir. Downloaded from on 18/09/2014

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