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Location India
Central coordinates 81o 14.45' East  23o 35.63' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 44,885 ha
Altitude 440 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Bandhavgarh National Park is located in Shahdol district, 195 km from Jabalpur and 210 km from Khajuraho, two major tourist spots. This famous tiger hunting area was once owned by the erstwhile Maharaja of Rewa. It was handed over by him to the Government in 1968, when privy purses and privileges were abolished, and he was unable to look after the forest wealth. Charaching was rampant and the forest lay devastated. Once it came under the control of the Forest Department, Bandhavgarh’s fortune took dramatic turn. It was declared a protected area, and the animal population began to flourish. At that time, the Park covered an area of 10,600 ha, all of which comprised the present day Tala Range (Tyabji 1994). In 1984, the area of the Park was increased to 44,800 ha, with the inclusion of three ranges, namely Kalwa, Magadhi and Khitauli. In 1993, the Park was upgraded to a Tiger Reserve. Bandhavgarh is fortunate in that unlike most of the other parks in India, it is not an isolated and fragmented patch of forest. It forms part of a larger forest block. Apart from the 25,000 ha Panpatha Wildlife Sanctuary that is connected with the Park to the north, there are a number of smaller pockets of protected and reserve forest, interspersed with small agricultural communities (Tyabji 1994). The Park has extensive Sal forest, hills, valleys, rivers, marshes and meadows, resulting in varied floral and faunal diversity. The forest is dominated by Sal Shorea robusta and Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus. The vegetation of the Park is Tropical Moist Deciduous. There are mixed forests in the higher reaches of the hills. A few rare species, such as the insectivorous plant Drosera peltata, and medicinal plants such as Buch Acorus calamus are found in some isolated patches of the Tala Range of the Reserve.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Grus antigone 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bandhavgarh National Park 44,885 is identical to site 44,885  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Watershed management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: The IBA Team.

References 

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

D’Cunha, E. P. (in press) Sighting of Orange gorgeted Flycatcher Ficedula strophiata in Bandhavgarh, Madhya Pradesh: First record from Peninsular India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1999) Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Kazmierczak, K. and Singh, R. (1998) A Birdwatchers’ Guide to India. Prion Ltd., Sandy, U. K.

Tyabji, H. N. (1994) The Birds of Bandhavgarh National Park, M.P. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 91: 51-77.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bandhavgarh National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

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