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Location India, Manipur
Central coordinates 93o 25.00' East  24o 12.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 18,750 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,018m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Kailam Wildlife Sanctuary is located within the Kailam-Tipaimukh Hill Range in Churachandpur district. The terrain is mainly hilly, with a large number of streams, and thick forested hillsides. Most of the streams flow from this hill range into the Tuivai river. This is another lesser known area of Manipur state. A hydroelectric power project is proposed on the Tipaimukh river, which is likely to submerge part of the Sanctuary (R.K.Ranjan Singh pers. comm. 2003) This proposed data deficient IBA is covered with Tropical Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forests and Bamboo brakes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Mrs Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kailam Sanctuary 18,750 is identical to site 18,750  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Jhum cultivation
forestry -
Notes: Forest

Acknowledgements Key contributors: W. Rajesh Singh, Salam Rajesh, R. K. Ranjan Singh and Anwaruddin Choudhury.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, U.K.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Survey of Mrs Hume’s Pheasant in northeastern India. The Rhino Foundation for nature in North East India, Guwahati. Pp 27.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kailam Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 29/08/2014

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