|Central coordinates||93o 17.48' East 24o 50.75' North|
|Altitude||80 - 500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This site is located between the rivers Jiri and Makru, both tributaries of the Barak river near the Assam-Manipur border. It lies partly in Imphal East (Jiribam Sub-division) district and partly in Tamenglong district. The terrain is hilly, being part of the West Manipur Hills. Tropical Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forest dominate (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). This site is important for forest birds.
AVIFAUNA: This is a Data Deficient site and should be surveyed on a priority basis. The Green Peafowl Pavo muticus was found in the area till 1960s. Stray birds might still occur. Local villagers belonging to the Zeliangrong Naga reported of encountering stray Green Peafowl along the Jiri River during 1990s. BirdLife International (2001) considers it as globally threatened. Other threatened birds reported but not confirmed include the White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata and Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis. The Near-Threatened Great Pied Buceros bicornis and Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli are, however, found in the area (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Seven species of primates are present, including the Capped Langur Trachypithecus pileata and Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock.
Carnivores include the Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Leopard Panthera pardus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis and Gaur Bos frontalis (Choudhury 2002). There are past records of the Gharial Gavialis gangeticus from thr Makru River (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Green Peafowl Pavo muticus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|2003||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Jiri - Makru Wildlife||Sanctuary||19,800||is identical to site||19,800|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Agriculture (Jhum)|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Distribution and Conservation of the Gaur Bos gaurus in the Indian Subcontinent. Mammal Review 32(3): 199-226.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jiri - Makru Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2016
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