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Location India, Manipur
Central coordinates 93o 17.48' East  24o 50.75' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 19,800 ha
Altitude 80 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description This site is located between the rivers Jiri and Makru, both tributaries of the Barak river near the Assam-Manipur border. It lies partly in Imphal East (Jiribam Sub-division) district and partly in Tamenglong district. The terrain is hilly, being part of the West Manipur Hills. Tropical Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forest dominate (A.U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). This site is important for forest birds.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: This is a Data Deficient site and should be surveyed on a priority basis. The Green Peafowl Pavo muticus was found in the area till 1960s. Stray birds might still occur. Local villagers belonging to the Zeliangrong Naga reported of encountering stray Green Peafowl along the Jiri River during 1990s. BirdLife International (2001) considers it as globally threatened. Other threatened birds reported but not confirmed include the White-winged Duck Cairina scutulata and Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis. The Near-Threatened Great Pied Buceros bicornis and Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli are, however, found in the area (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Seven species of primates are present, including the Capped Langur Trachypithecus pileata and Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock.

Carnivores include the Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus, Leopard Panthera pardus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis and Gaur Bos frontalis (Choudhury 2002). There are past records of the Gharial Gavialis gangeticus from thr Makru River (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Green Peafowl Pavo muticus resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Jiri - Makru Wildlife Sanctuary 19,800 is identical to site 19,800  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture (Jhum)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Distribution and Conservation of the Gaur Bos gaurus in the Indian Subcontinent. Mammal Review 32(3): 199-226.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jiri - Makru Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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