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Location India, Manipur
Central coordinates 93o 31.85' East  25o 4.32' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 11,580 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,800m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Tamei subdivision in Tamenglong district, and is part of the Barail Range. The Barak river flows near the Sanctuary. Many streams originate from the catchment areas within the Sanctuary and feed the Barak. Tropical Evergreen and Semi-evergreen Forests occur in the Sanctuary. The site is poorly known and should be given priority for a biodiversity survey.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Detailed information on avifauna from this sanctuary is lacking. However, some of the biome restricted species are as follows (A. U. Choudhury pers comm. 2003): Rufous-bellied Niltava Niltava sundara, Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli, Goldenthroated Barbet Megalaima franklinii, Blue-throated Barbet M. asiatica, Bay Woodpecker Blythipicus pyrrhotis, Maroon Oriole Oriolus traillii, Himalayan Treepie Dendrocitta formosae, Whitethroated Bulbul Alophoixus flaveolus, Grey Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum, and Pale-headed Woodpecker Gecinulus grantia. Among the globally threatened species, the Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis is found (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003). Another bird of conservation interest is the Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis, considered to be a restricted range species by Stattersfield et al. (1998). This IBA is included in the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area. This part of the Himalaya is particularly rich in restricted range birds, and the genus Sphenocichla is endemic to it. Detailed investigation would reveal many important species.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Sanctuary has most of the mammalian elements of the northeast, such as the Tiger Panthera tigris, Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus and Dhole or Wild Dog Cuon alpinus. Among nonhuman primates, Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock, Assamese Macaque Macaca assamensis, and Capped Langur Trachypithecus pileatus are noteworthy.

Not much is known about the reptiles and amphibians.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis resident  2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2003 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
forestry -
Notes: Forest

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Salam Rajesh, W Rajesh Singh, R. K. Ranjan Singh, Anwaruddin Choudhury, M. Firoz Ahmed, Kulojyoti Lahkar.


Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bunning Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

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