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Location India, Meghalaya
Central coordinates 90o 20.00' East  25o 27.50' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 4,748 ha
Altitude 600 - 1,412m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Nokrek National Park is located in the Garo Hills of Meghalaya state, covering parts of three districts, i.e. East Garo Hills, West Garo Hills and South Garo Hills. Nokrek was declared as a National Park in 1986 while the final notification was issued in 1997. The Park is very small, but it serves as the core area of the Nokrek Biosphere Reserve (82,000 ha). The area of the National Park has been acquired by outright purchase of land from the local communities by the Government of Meghalaya. The entire Park is hilly, the northern aspect has comparatively gentle slopes, while the southern aspect consists of moderate to very steep slopes. Dense clusters of low hills characterize the area, with a central ridge traversing from northwest to northeast. This is known as the Tura Ridge. The Tura Ridge constitutes the backbone of the Garo Hills, which lie at the western end of the Meghalaya plateau. The range has an elevation of c. 1,200 m. Numerous rivers and streams originate from these hills and flow over narrow, rocky beds to join the Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers. Major rivers are Simsang (the longest in the Garo Hills), Ganol, Dareng, Nitai and Bhugi (Lahkar et al. 2002). The terrain is rocky, and in many places the ridge is devoid of topsoil. Climatic conditions in the Garo Hills are tropical, characterized by high rainfall and humidity during monsoon (April- October). The forest can be described as Eastern Submontane Semi- Evergreen Forest grouped under Tropical Semi-evergreen Forests of Champion and Seth (1968). The hilltop forests are mostly cloud forest, i.e they are covered in clouds most of the time during the monsoon. Vegetation on the southern slopes is limited to occasional patches of Moist Deciduous forest, dominated by birch Betula sp. at higher altitudes and mixed secondary scrub at lower altitudes. Very little vegetation remains on the gentler northern slopes, and is restricted to a narrow fringe of Evergreen and Semi-evergreen forest along the ridge. Varieties of Citrus indica, a wild, primitive relative of cultivated citrus species, are present in large numbers (Gogoi 1981).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nokrek National Park 4,748 is identical to site 4,748  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Bibhuti Prasad Lahkar, Hilloljyoti Singha, Praveen J. and Firoz Ahmed.


Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A Revised Survey of the Forest types in India. Government of India Press, New Delhi.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Status and conservation of the stump-tailed macaque M. arctoides in India.Primate Report 63: 63-72.

Gogoi, P. C. (1981) Tura Ridge Biosphere Reserve (Citrus Gene Sanctuary). Department of Forests, Government of Meghalaya, Shillong. Pp 99.

Lahkar, B. P., Ahmed, M. F., Praveen J. and Singha, H. (2002) Survey of the Avifauna of the Nokrek National Park and its Environ with special reference to RDB species. Aaranyak. Pp. 25.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nokrek National Park. Downloaded from on 20/10/2014

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