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Location India, Maharashtra
Central coordinates 79o 26.08' East  20o 23.38' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 11,655 ha
Altitude 212 - 360m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve is located in three ranges: Moharli, Tadoba and Kolsa in West Chandrapur Forest Division. Tadoba National Park was declared in 1955 and is one of the oldest national parks of India. It occupies an area of 11,650 ha, while the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary occupies 50,880 ha. Together they form the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve covering a total area of 62,540 ha. The Park has a lake called Tadoba, visited by migratory waterfowl in winter. There are two more lakes, Kolsa and Jamni visted by winter migrants (Y. Dubey in litt. 2003). The name Tadoba is traceable to a king named Taru who was believed to have been killed by a tiger and since then the king was deified by the tribals (Tuljapurkar 1994). They established a shrine in his memory, which is visited by the local tribals during the large annual fair held between December and January. The habitat of these two protected areas, consisting of Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests, interspersed with several large meadows, is such that it provides a good herbivore density for large cats. The forest is typical Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, dominated by teak Tectona grandis and bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus. Other associates are Pterocarpus marsupium, Adina cordifolia, Boswellia serrata, Diospyros melanoxylon, Terminalia arjuna, T. tomentosa, and Syzygium cumini interspersed with bamboo. In some areas, patches of Moist Deciduous Forest are present, the prominent species found are Syzygium cumini, Actinodaphne hookerii, Terminalia chebula, and Olea dioica. Epiphytes, lichens and ferns are also recorded (Anon 1971).

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: In the checklist prepared by the Forest Department, 181 bird species are mentioned (Rajkondawar 1991). Yogesh Dubey (pers. comm. 2003) has listed 185 bird species. This site qualifies A1 criteria as five globally threatened species have been identified within it. This site harbours the typical birds of Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest of central India. Of the 59 species listed by BirdLife International (undated) for Biome-11, 23 have been seen here. Most of them are quite common and present in other parts of India, and owing to the long history of protection of these forests, they are doing quite well here. This site is selected both for threatened species (A1) and biome species (A3). Tadoba-Andhari is also the southern most region in the distribution range of Sarus Crane Grus antigone. The Sarus is not found inside the forest but at Moharli Lake that lies on the outskirts of the Park. However, Y. Dubey who worked in Tadoba for three years have never seen Sarus in this lake. Sarus has been reported from Junoona area in Chandrapur district but the area is quite far from Tadoba (Yogesh Dubey pers. comm. 2003).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The faunal diversity includes 41 species of mammals, 30 species of reptiles, 5 species of amphibians, 74 species of butterflies, 26 species of spiders, and 23 species of fishes. The Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris has been introduced in Tadoba Lake.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Unknown  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Tadoba National Park 11,655 is identical to site 11,655  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Nisarg Vidnyan Sanstha [Nature Science Society] 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anish Andheria, Deepak Apte, Rushikesh Chauhan and Girish Jathar.


Anonymous (1971) National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Maharashtra State. Directorate of Publicity, Government of Maharashtra, Bombay, India.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Rajkondawar, P. L. (1991) Tadoba National Park, Chandrapur: Checklist of Avifauna. Published by Dy. Conservator of Forest, Chandrapur. Pp. 10.

Tuljapurkar, B. (1994) Magic moments – A Tadoba experience. Sanctuary Asia 14(5): 35-41.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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