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Location India, Maharashtra
Central coordinates 74o 0.00' East  16o 23.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 35,116 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the border of Kolhapur and Sindhudurg districts. This beautiful Sanctuary is nestled in the Sahyadri Hills. It lies between two major reservoirs, Shahu Sagar and Laxmi Sagar in Kolhapur district. The terrain is undulating, with steep escarpments and dense forest. The soil is lateritic and in some areas there are huge plateaux with diverse flora and fauna. This forest used to be a hunting ground of the rulers of Kolhapur State, but later it was converted into a sanctuary. There are several sacred groves inside the Sanctuary, which are traditionally protected by the local people. Due to this, large stands of virgin forest still exist. This Sanctuary is the major source of water for two major irrigation projects in Kolhapur district. Besides, some parts of the Sanctuary are rich in bauxite ore, and many plateaux with high quality bauxite have been mined. The mining company wants more areas to be opened for mining - a major threat to this fragile ecosystem. As this area lies in the Western Ghats, the plant life is extremely rich. The forest types are Southern Semi-evergreen, Southern Moist Mixed Deciduous and Southern Evergreen. The major tree species are Memecylon umbellatum, Terminalia chebula, Careya arborea and Lagerstroemia microcarpa. Fruiting plants like Syzygium cumini, Ficus racemosa and Carissa spp. are found almost all over the area, attracting many frugivorous birds and mammals. Karvi Carvia callosa is the most important and widespread flowering plant species in this area, serving as a source of food for a multitude of herbivore species and insects. The Sanctuary also hosts threatened and endemic tree species such as Mappia foetida, Turpunia malbarica, Euphorbia longana, Elaeocarpus tectorium and Harpullia arborea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Radhanagari Sanctuary 35,116 is identical to site 35,116  
Western Ghats World Heritage Site 795,315 protected area contains site 35,116  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
energy production and mining -
Notes: Mining
water management -
Notes: Reservoirs

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Girish Jathar, Varad Giri and Deepak Apte.

References 

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2014

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