|Central coordinates||74o 0.00' East 16o 23.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the border of Kolhapur and Sindhudurg districts. This beautiful Sanctuary is nestled in the Sahyadri Hills. It lies between two major reservoirs, Shahu Sagar and Laxmi Sagar in Kolhapur district. The terrain is undulating, with steep escarpments and dense forest. The soil is lateritic and in some areas there are huge plateaux with diverse flora and fauna. This forest used to be a hunting ground of the rulers of Kolhapur State, but later it was converted into a sanctuary. There are several sacred groves inside the Sanctuary, which are traditionally protected by the local people. Due to this, large stands of virgin forest still exist. This Sanctuary is the major source of water for two major irrigation projects in Kolhapur district. Besides, some parts of the Sanctuary are rich in bauxite ore, and many plateaux with high quality bauxite have been mined. The mining company wants more areas to be opened for mining - a major threat to this fragile ecosystem. As this area lies in the Western Ghats, the plant life is extremely rich. The forest types are Southern Semi-evergreen, Southern Moist Mixed Deciduous and Southern Evergreen. The major tree species are Memecylon umbellatum, Terminalia chebula, Careya arborea and Lagerstroemia microcarpa. Fruiting plants like Syzygium cumini, Ficus racemosa and Carissa spp. are found almost all over the area, attracting many frugivorous birds and mammals. Karvi Carvia callosa is the most important and widespread flowering plant species in this area, serving as a source of food for a multitude of herbivore species and insects. The Sanctuary also hosts threatened and endemic tree species such as Mappia foetida, Turpunia malbarica, Euphorbia longana, Elaeocarpus tectorium and Harpullia arborea.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Nilgiri Wood-pigeon Columba elphinstonii||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Radhanagari||Sanctuary||35,116||is identical to site||35,116|
|Western Ghats||World Heritage Site||795,315||protected area contains site||35,116|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|energy production and mining||-|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Girish Jathar, Varad Giri and Deepak Apte.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/03/2014
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