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Location India, Maharashtra
Central coordinates 80o 10.93' East  20o 56.70' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 13,388 ha
Altitude 275 - 481m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Nawegaon National Park extends over 13,388 ha, and lies in the southern parts of the Bhandara and Gondia districts of Maharashtra. Nawegaon Lake, which spreads over 1,100 ha, was formed by the impoundment of a stream at Itiadoh, which is 14 km away. The lake is fringed by low hills covered with forests. It was built by the Kohali community, about 300 years ago. The Gond Queen Durgawati invited some experts from Rajasthan to construct this lake. Subsequently, the lake was maintained by the Nizam of Hyderabad, Bhosale Kings and then the British. The natural vegetation conforms to the “Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forests” as classified by Champion and Seth (1968). The forest is composed of 40 species of trees, 16 species of shrubs and 44 species of herbs (Ilorkar and Khatri 2003). The dominant vegetation includes Terminalia tomentosa, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Butea monosperma, Diospyros melanoxylon Bombax ceiba, Cassia fistula and Adina cordifolia. Bamboo Dendrocalamus strictus forms a dense undergrowth and teak Tectona grandis is interspersed with the other trees.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: 209 species of birds are listed in the checklist of the Forest Department (Misra, undated), including some doubtful records such as the Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius and the Crimsonbacked or Small Sunbird Nectarinia minima. A good scientific report of birds of this area is lacking. Although 35 species of ducks, waders and storks are found, none of them exist in adequate numbers to reach the 1% biogeographical population threshold of Wetlands International (2002). As the lake is quite deep, it is not very attractive to waterfowl, and the number of those found does not satisfy A4iii criteria (>20,000 individuals). However, this site has typical representatives of the bird life of Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests of central India, and fits the A3 criteria. The checklist mentioned earlier includes 26 Biome-11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone) species in this IBA. The area is notable as both Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus and Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii occur (Chitampalli 1977). This site is also the southernmost limit of distribution of the Sarus crane Grus antigone.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: This IBA has all the large mammals that can be expected in any good protected forest of central India, such as the Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena, Wolf Canis lupus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Gaur Bos frontalis, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Four-horned Antelope Tetracerus quadricornis, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Chinkara Gazella bennettii, Chital Axis axis, and Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus. Not much is known about the reptiles, amphibians and fish fauna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Green Avadavat Amandava formosa resident  2004  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2012 high not assessed medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Unknown  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nawegaon National Park 13,388 is identical to site 13,388  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Nisarg Vidnyan Sanstha [Nature Science Society] 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - aquatic   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fisheries
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Girish Jathar, Deepak Apte and Kishor Rithe.


Chitampalli, M. B. (1977) Occurrence of Grey Junglefowl and Red Junglefowl together. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 74(3) 527.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of the forest types of India. Govt. of India Press, Delhi. Pp. 403.

Ilorkar, V. M. and Khatri, P. K. (2003) Phytosociological study of Navegaon National Park (Maharashtra). Indian Forester 129(3): 377-387.

Misra, S. S. (undated) Checklist of Birds of Navegaon National Park. Published by Deputy Conservator of Forests, Nagpur.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates - Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Navegaon National Park. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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