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Location India, Maharashtra
Central coordinates 74o 1.83' East  19o 59.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 10,012 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Located near Niphad in Nashik district, Nandur Madhmeshwar is a large water storage reservoir, created by the construction of a dam at the confluence of the Godavari and the Kadva rivers. The lake is a pick-up weir constructed in 1907-1913 on the Godavari river to supply water for irrigation. Over the years, the water released from Gangapur and Darana water reservoirs is stored at Nandur Madhmeshwar and subsequently released from here through canals for irrigation. Huge quantities of silt and organic matter carried in the past 90 years have accumulated in the lake, due to which islands, shallow water ponds and marshlands have been created. This has resulted in a good wetland habitat for birds. It has been aptly described as the Bharatpur of Maharashtra (Rane 1983). The Nandur-Madhmeshwar irrigation dam and the catchment areas are surrounded by sugarcane, onion, jowar and wheat fields, and grape orchards. There is no forest around this wetland (Rane 1983). The reservoir fills with monsoon runoff between July and September, and attracts several species of migratory birds between September and March. The water level fluctuates, depending upon the usage. This is quite suitable for waterfowl and waders, as most of them prefer shallow water, mudflats and marshes. Three large islands are also present within the waterbody. About 23 small satellite lakes are present within a radius of 25 km around the reservoir, adding to the overall importance of the region. About 463 species of plants have been identified (Kumar et al. 2002), of which nearly 80 are aquatic.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White Stork Ciconia ciconia 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nandur-Madhameshwar Sanctuary 10,012 is identical to site 10,012  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Aquaculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: B. Raha and N. B. Bhure.

References 

Kumar, P., Bhure, N. B. and Nigam, A. K. (2002) Conservation of Nandur Madhmeshwar wetland, India. Pp. 139-146. In: Birds of Wetlands and Grasslands: Proceedings of the Sâlim Ali Centenary Seminar on Conservation of Avifauna of Wetlands and Grasslands. Eds: Rahmani A.R. and G. Ugra. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp x+228.

Goenka, D., Monga, S. and Srivastava, K. (1985) Imperial Eagle, Aquila heliaca Savigny, in Maharashtra–A Southward Extension Of Its Wintering Range. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 82 (2): 406 Rane, U. (1983) Nandur Madhmeshwar: Bharatpur of Maharashtra. Hornbill (3): 32-37.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nandur Madhmeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014

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