|Central coordinates||72o 53.00' East 19o 1.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The open mudflats of Trombay and Sewri are located along the Arabian Sea. An area c. 10 km long and 3 km wide, is dominated by mangroves all along the coast. The area is prohibited for the general public. The jetty of Mumbai Port Trust (MbPT), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), and Tata Electrical are located along the area. There are refineries of Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC), Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL). Despite the high degree of pollution, the area is a winter refuge for thousands of migratory birds from as far as the Arctic circle. They include sandpipers, plovers, gulls and terns. The area also supports a large congregation of flamingos, which are local migrants probably from Gujarat. Raptors also use the area as a stopover and a few of them winter here, such as the Eurasian Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus and the Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga. The area is dominated by mangrove vegetation and supports a diverse flora. Fifty-three species of vascular plants have been recorded. Of these 10 species are mangroves and 13 are mangroveassociated species. Avicennia marina is a dominant plant species in the area, while Rhizophora mucronata and Excoecaria agallocha also occur.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Mangrove forest (tropical)||major|
|Coastline||Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Industrial area; Oil refineries; Saltpans; Shipyard|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: T. V. Sowrirajan, S. Balachandran, Ashok Verma, I. Kehimkar and Vivek Kulkarni.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Verma, A., Kehimkar, I., Balachandran, S., Chaturvedi, N. C., and J. C. Daniel (2002) Habitat enrichment of the salt marshes of Bharat Petroleum at Mahul for birds. Final Report Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mahul - Sewree Creek. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/10/2014
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