|Central coordinates||75o 17.62' East 19o 29.72' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Jaikwadi Sanctuary is a man-made reservoir that was created after the construction of a dam in 1975 on the upper reaches of River Godavari. In the absence of natural depressions and hilly terrain, this dam has been constructed on almost flat land, because of which the impounded water spread is large, approximately 55 km long and 27 km wide. This shallow waterspread, with a receding water line is very attractive to a large number of waterfowl and waders. Taking into consideration its importance to waterfowl, the Government of Maharashtra declared this wetland as Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary in 1986. The entire area of the reservoir was acquired from 118 villages. The waterbody of Jaikwadi dam has been named as “Nathsagar” after the great saint Eknath (Kamble 2000). The Jaikwadi Dam is near the sacred town Paithan. The Sanctuary lies in Ahmednagar and Aurangabad districts. The total area of 34,100 ha, 33,974 ha are under the control of the Irrigation Department. The aquatic vegetation includes mainly the species of Chara, Spirogyra, Hydrilla, Potamogeton and Vallisneria. Argemone mexicana and Ipomoea fistulosa are found in the surrounding area. Nearby areas are irrigated agricultural fields. The newly created reservoir has changed ecological conditions from semi-arid to rich cultivated fields.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||2004||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Jaikwadi||Sanctuary||34,105||is identical to site||34,105|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: B. Raha and N. Bhure.
Kamble, P. B. (2000) Executive Summary of the Draft Management plan for the Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary, Forest Department, Government of Maharashtra, Paithan.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Yardi, D. (2000) Birds Checklist. Aurangabad Wildlife Circle, Aurangabad.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014
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