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Location India, Maharashtra
Central coordinates 75o 17.62' East  19o 29.72' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 34,105 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Jaikwadi Sanctuary is a man-made reservoir that was created after the construction of a dam in 1975 on the upper reaches of River Godavari. In the absence of natural depressions and hilly terrain, this dam has been constructed on almost flat land, because of which the impounded water spread is large, approximately 55 km long and 27 km wide. This shallow waterspread, with a receding water line is very attractive to a large number of waterfowl and waders. Taking into consideration its importance to waterfowl, the Government of Maharashtra declared this wetland as Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary in 1986. The entire area of the reservoir was acquired from 118 villages. The waterbody of Jaikwadi dam has been named as “Nathsagar” after the great saint Eknath (Kamble 2000). The Jaikwadi Dam is near the sacred town Paithan. The Sanctuary lies in Ahmednagar and Aurangabad districts. The total area of 34,100 ha, 33,974 ha are under the control of the Irrigation Department. The aquatic vegetation includes mainly the species of Chara, Spirogyra, Hydrilla, Potamogeton and Vallisneria. Argemone mexicana and Ipomoea fistulosa are found in the surrounding area. Nearby areas are irrigated agricultural fields. The newly created reservoir has changed ecological conditions from semi-arid to rich cultivated fields.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  2004  present  A1  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Jaikwadi Sanctuary 34,105 is identical to site 34,105  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Jaikwadi SSG 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -
Artificial - terrestrial   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing

Acknowledgements Key contributors: B. Raha and N. Bhure.

References 

Kamble, P. B. (2000) Executive Summary of the Draft Management plan for the Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary, Forest Department, Government of Maharashtra, Paithan.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Yardi, D. (2000) Birds Checklist. Aurangabad Wildlife Circle, Aurangabad.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife