|Central coordinates||75o 17.62' East 19o 29.72' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Jaikwadi Sanctuary is a man-made reservoir that was created after the construction of a dam in 1975 on the upper reaches of River Godavari. In the absence of natural depressions and hilly terrain, this dam has been constructed on almost flat land, because of which the impounded water spread is large, approximately 55 km long and 27 km wide. This shallow waterspread, with a receding water line is very attractive to a large number of waterfowl and waders. Taking into consideration its importance to waterfowl, the Government of Maharashtra declared this wetland as Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary in 1986. The entire area of the reservoir was acquired from 118 villages. The waterbody of Jaikwadi dam has been named as “Nathsagar” after the great saint Eknath (Kamble 2000). The Jaikwadi Dam is near the sacred town Paithan. The Sanctuary lies in Ahmednagar and Aurangabad districts. The total area of 34,100 ha, 33,974 ha are under the control of the Irrigation Department. The aquatic vegetation includes mainly the species of Chara, Spirogyra, Hydrilla, Potamogeton and Vallisneria. Argemone mexicana and Ipomoea fistulosa are found in the surrounding area. Nearby areas are irrigated agricultural fields. The newly created reservoir has changed ecological conditions from semi-arid to rich cultivated fields.
AVIFAUNA: The Forest Department has recorded 264 species of birds in Jaikwadi (Yardi 2000). Over 10,000 Demoiselle Cranes Grus virgo and a congregation of over 50,000 birds were seen here during an IBA survey in 2000. This includes many species occurring in much larger numbers than their 1% biogeographic population thresholds, as determined by Wetlands International (2002). The site also has many Near Threatened species. The site is an important stopover in the migratory flyway of cranes and other birds, which congregate here during their return migration, so it satisfies the A4iv criteria. Thirty-eight species of congregatory waterfowl have been reported in the Forest Department checklist. The site qualifies the congregatory criteria A4i, A4iii and A4iv.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: There are not many large mammals as the area is under intensive agriculture and human occupation. Occasionally, Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra are observed here (Kamble 2000). Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis and Blacknaped Hare Lepus nigricollis are commonly seen.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||2004||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo||winter||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - sewage||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Pollution||industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Residential and commercial development||commercial and industrial development||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Residential and commercial development||housing and urban areas||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Jaikwadi||Sanctuary||34,105||is identical to site||34,105|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: B. Raha and N. Bhure.
Kamble, P. B. (2000) Executive Summary of the Draft Management plan for the Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary, Forest Department, Government of Maharashtra, Paithan.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Yardi, D. (2000) Birds Checklist. Aurangabad Wildlife Circle, Aurangabad.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2016
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