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Location India, Maharashtra
Central coordinates 73o 24.77' East  18o 46.17' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,000 ha
Altitude 100 - 1,100m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description INS Shivaji, established in 1945, is a premier training base of the Indian Navy located about 6 km west of Lonavla town, a popular tourist resort in the Sahyadri Hills. Lonavala (650 m) is situated c. 120 km from Mumbai on the main road and rail link with Pune. The presence of this defence establishment, spread over 1,500 acres, has served to protect some valuable original tropical moist/semievergreen forest and upland grassland habitats of the area against growing urbanisation and development. Inaccessible valleys to the west of Lonavla still hold good expanses of the original moist tropical and semi-evergreen forest. The surrounding hills provide very good upland grassland habitats during the post monsoon months. The area beyond Khandala towards Duke’s Nose hill and extending towards the Tiger’s Leap ravine along the top of the ridges, and up to 2 km on either side of the ridges is proposed as an IBA. The area is typical of the Western Ghats, with evergreen and moist deciduous type vegetation and high diversity of plant species. The carnivorous plant Utricularia sp. is common in small springs, which play an important role in ecology and nitrogen cycle. Karvi Carvia callosa is a dominant plant species on the hill slopes. Other tree species Kumbha Careya arborea, Anjani Memecylon umbellatum, Nirgudi Vitex nigundo and Ranperu Randia dumetorum are commonly found here. Some medicinal plants such as Dhyati Woodfordia fruticosa, Ashwagandha Withania somnifera and Jungli Kanda Vernonia cinerea are also found here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola platyurus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Tytler's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus tytleri winter  2004  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis resident  2004  present  A2, A3  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
energy production and mining -
Notes: Generation of hydro-electricity
forestry -
Notes: Reserve Forest
military -
Notes: Defense establishment
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Roads and railway lines

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Lt. Commd. Kanwar Bir Singh.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

Grimmet, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: INS - Shivaji and adjoining areas, Lonavla. Downloaded from on 01/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife