|Central coordinates||73o 24.77' East 18o 46.17' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||100 - 1,100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description INS Shivaji, established in 1945, is a premier training base of the Indian Navy located about 6 km west of Lonavla town, a popular tourist resort in the Sahyadri Hills. Lonavala (650 m) is situated c. 120 km from Mumbai on the main road and rail link with Pune. The presence of this defence establishment, spread over 1,500 acres, has served to protect some valuable original tropical moist/semievergreen forest and upland grassland habitats of the area against growing urbanisation and development. Inaccessible valleys to the west of Lonavla still hold good expanses of the original moist tropical and semi-evergreen forest. The surrounding hills provide very good upland grassland habitats during the post monsoon months. The area beyond Khandala towards Duke’s Nose hill and extending towards the Tiger’s Leap ravine along the top of the ridges, and up to 2 km on either side of the ridges is proposed as an IBA. The area is typical of the Western Ghats, with evergreen and moist deciduous type vegetation and high diversity of plant species. The carnivorous plant Utricularia sp. is common in small springs, which play an important role in ecology and nitrogen cycle. Karvi Carvia callosa is a dominant plant species on the hill slopes. Other tree species Kumbha Careya arborea, Anjani Memecylon umbellatum, Nirgudi Vitex nigundo and Ranperu Randia dumetorum are commonly found here. Some medicinal plants such as Dhyati Woodfordia fruticosa, Ashwagandha Withania somnifera and Jungli Kanda Vernonia cinerea are also found here.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Broad-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola platyurus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Tytler's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus tytleri||winter||2004||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|energy production and mining||-|
|Notes: Generation of hydro-electricity|
|Notes: Reserve Forest|
|Notes: Defense establishment|
|Notes: Roads and railway lines|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Lt. Commd. Kanwar Bir Singh.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Grimmet, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: INS - Shivaji and adjoining areas, Lonavla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014
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