|Central coordinates||73o 30.33' East 15o 55.15' North|
|Altitude||25 - 45m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Burnt Island, among the Vengurla Rocks in the Arabian Sea, in Sindhudurg district, is an archipelago c. 14 km west to northwest of Vengurla Port. The archipelago comprises about 20 islets in an area about 5 km from north to south and 1.6 km from east to west. Detailed study on the flora and fauna has not been done. The rocks at Vengurla are quite bare, but the crevices are covered with grasses and shrubs. The main grass is Cymbopogon, with scattered Celosia argentea and Mollugo sperbula. They provide shelter for chicks and fledglings of terns and other species.
AVIFAUNA: A. O. Hume visited this island to collect some information on the fauna (Hume 1876). He mentioned about the sea birds and swiftlets. In 1938, Abdulali (1940) visited this area and recorded that the Vengurla Rocks Archipelago is a nesting site for marine birds, terns, pigeons and swiftlets. Pande (2002a) observed over 18,000 Indian Edible-nest Swiftlets or Indian Swiftlet Collocalia unicolor at Burnt Island during his survey. The site therefore qualifies as an IBA in the congregation criteria A4iii. Pande (2002b) recorded 8 species of terns namely, Common Tern Sterna hirundo, Roseate Tern S. dougallii, White-cheeked Tern S. repressa, Bridled Tern S. anaethetus, Sooty Tern S. fuscata, Large Crested Tern S. bergii, Lesser crested Tern S. bengalensis and Indian River Tern S. aurantia. In addition, Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres, Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos, Indian Reef Heron Egretta gularis, and White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster were also recorded. Pande (2002b) saw a flock of 22 Pomarine Jaegar Stercorarius pomarinus flying southward. In the Indian seas, this is a rare visitor (Grimmett et al. 1999) in India.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The carapace of Olive Ridley Turtle Lepidochelys olivacea was collected from here, suggesting occurrence of this species in the proximity of the island. Dolphins were also seen in nearby waters.
A small unidentified bat species was also observed in the cave where the swiftlets were found (Pande 2002b).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||breeding||2003||15,000-20,000 individuals||medium||A4iii|
|2003||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Satish Pande and Vishwas Katdare.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Abdulali, H., (1940) Swifts and Terns at Vengurla Rocks. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 41: 661-665.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1999) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.
Hume, A. O. (1876) Laccadives and the West Coast. Stray Feathers 4 (4,5,6): 413-483.
Pande, S, A. (2002a) Conservation of Habitat and Documentation of the nesting status of Indian Edible- nest Swiftlets and Marine Terns of the Vengurla Rocks. Bombay Natural History Society.
Pande, S. A. (2002b) A Rocky Adventure at Vengurla Islands. Hornbill April-June, Pp. 22-24.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Burnt Island (Bandra) Vengurla Rocks. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/12/2015
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