|Central coordinates||77o 11.75' East 10o 20.55' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||400 - 2,400m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary comprises an area of 9,044 ha along the rain shadow region of the Western Ghats. This area was formerly known as Chinnar Reserve Forest and was a part of Marayoor Range of Munnar Forest Division. Considering its ecological, faunal, floral and geomorphological significance, it was declared as the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in 1984. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary has a special status compared to other sanctuaries in Kerala due to the presence of thorn scrub jungle. Being in a rain shadow area, rainfall in some areas is about 500 mm. The importance of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is enhanced by its proximity to Eravikulam National Park (IBA) in the west and Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary (IBA) in north and east. Thus it serves as a corridor for the movement and dispersal of animals. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the two regions in Kerala on the leeward side of the Western Ghats (Sasidharan, undated). Because of these climatic and geographic characteristics, the flora resembles that of Deccan region. The Chinnar is perhaps the driest sanctuary of Kerala, with notable absence of semi-evergreen and evergreen forests. The scrub and dry vegetation is highly prone to fire. The vegetation of the Sanctuary can be described as Southern Tropical Thorn Forest, Dry Deciduous Forest, Moist Deciduous Forest, Riparian Forest, hill shola forest and grassland (Sasidharan, undated). The dominant plant species of the Sanctuary are represented by Chloroxylum swietenia, Anogeissus latifolia, Strychnos potatoram and Ixora arborea (Chandrashekara et al. 2002).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Nilgiri Wood-pigeon Columba elphinstonii||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Chinnar||Sanctuary||9,044||is identical to site||9,044|
|Western Ghats||World Heritage Site||795,315||protected area contains site||9,044|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: P. O. Nameer.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Chandrashekara, U. M., Menon, A. R. R Nair, K. K. N., Sasidharan, N. and Swarupanandan, K. (2002) Evaluation of tree species diversity in different forest types of Kerala by laying out permannent sample plots. Pp 50-61. Biodiversity ‘Hotspots’ Conservation Programme (BHCP). Final Report 1992-2002, Vol- I (Western Ghats). Forests & Biodiversity Conservation Division, World Wide Fund For Nature - India, New Delhi. Pp 195.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.
Nameer, P. O. (1995) Birds of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary - a survey report. KAU & Kerala Forest Department.
Nameer, P. O. and George, S. J. (1991) Avifauna of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 31(9-10): 7-9.
Ramachandran, K. K. (1993) Status survey and distribution of endangered Grizzled Giant Squirrel in Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala, India. Indian Journal of Forestry 16(3): 226-231.
Sasidharan, N. (undated) Study on the flora of Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. KFRI Report No. 167. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi.
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