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Location Spain, País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 42.00' West  38o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 2,387 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description Two reservoirs with reedbeds (Phragmites) and surrounded by small brackish and freshwater lakes. The main human activities are hunting and fishing.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  1997  620-10,040 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris resident  1996  35-47 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris winter  1996  486 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1997  55-915 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina resident  1995  21-78 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala resident  1996  10-15 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1997  97-155 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Endangered 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  1997  50-2,150 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus breeding  1997  300 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1995  35-106 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1993  40 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1993  25 breeding pairs  good  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1995  22-26 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1995  301-331 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1997  10-712 individuals  good  B1i, B2, C2  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta resident  1997  40-53 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus resident  1995  108-136 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1995  4-75 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1995  219 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
El Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent - ES0000058 Birds Directive 2,375 protected area contained by site 2,375  
El Hondo Natural Park 2,387 protected area contained by site 2,387  
Pantano de El Hondo Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 2,387 protected area contained by site 2,387  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  95%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 60%
hunting 80%
nature conservation and research 10%
water management 60%

Protection status National High International High2,387 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (El Hondo, 2,387 ha). 2,387 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (El Hondo, 2,387 ha). 2,387 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (El Hondo, 2,387 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: El Hondo wetland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife