|Central coordinates||75o 41.90' East 12o 2.83' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||50 - 1,145m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, in the southeastern side of the Kannur District of Kerala, is a compact 55 sq. km area with rich floral and faunal diversity. The Sanctuary area lies between Aralam and Kottiyoor villages. The nearest railhead is at Tellicherry, about 70 km from the Sanctuary. The area is well connected by road from Tellicherry, Kannur, Wynaad and Veerajpetta (Menon 1999). Biogeographically, the Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Western Ghats. Though the Sanctuary is not included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, it has all the characteristic important endemics of the Western Ghats (Menon 1999). The primary vegetation of this IBA is evergreen forest, but in the disturbed areas such as Valayanchal and Kurukkathodu, there are many deciduous trees, making the forest semi-evergreen (Sashi Kumar et al. 2000). Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is the only protected area of the West Coast Tropical Evergreen forest of Dipterocarpus-Mesua- Palaquium type (Nair 1991). Less than 25 sq. km of fairly undisturbed forest of this type is included in this Sanctuary. Paripputhodu (towards Uruppukunnu), Uruppukunnu, Kannadivechakunnu and the whole stretch of forest from Chavachi to Ambalappara are good representative of this forest type. Dipterocarpus, Calophyllum and Palaquiumn dominates in Uruppukunnu. On the upper regions of the Sanctuary, four different tree associations can be seen. On the upper reaches of Ambalappara, stunted evergreen forest with dominance of species of the Family Lauraceae. It is similar to shola grassland vegetation of the upper reaches of the Western Ghats. At mid elevations, wet evergreen of Calophyllum-Palaquiumn-Myristica is found.Further down, we find Dipterocarpus dominated forests. About 4.5 sq km is under teak, eucalyptus and cashew plantations, now without any forestry operations and therefore overgrown with secondary growth (Sashi Kumar et al. 2000).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Nilgiri Wood-pigeon Columba elphinstonii||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Rufous Babbler Turdoides subrufa||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Black-chinned Laughingthrush Strophocincla cachinnans||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Endangered|
|Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Aralam||Sanctuary||5,500||is identical to site||5,500|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: C. Sashi Kumar and Mohammed Jafar Palot.
Menon, A. R. R. (1999) Vegetation Mapping and Analysis of Aralam Wildlife Santuary using Remote Sensing Techniques. Report No. 168. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Pp.1-23.
Nair, S. C. (1991) The Southern Western Ghats: a biodiversity conservation plan. INTACH, New Delhi.
Sashi Kumar, C. and Palot, M. J. (2000) Birds of Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary: Survey Report 2002. Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi. Pp. 30.
Sashi Kumar, C., Padmanabhan, P. and Palot, M. J. (2000) Birds of Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary. Unpublished report, 30 pp.
Shaji, C. P. Easa, P. S. and Basha, S. C. (1995) Fresh water Fish Diversity in Aralam Wildliife Sanctuary, Kerala, South India. J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc. 92(3): 360-363.
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