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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 75o 23.00' East  13o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 39,560 ha
Altitude 600 - 1,031m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Shettihalli WLS is situated in the Shimoga district, 270 km from Bangalore. The northeastern part of the Sanctuary has Tiger-Lion Safari (91 ha, created on 26 June 1988) at Thyavarekappa within which there is a small zoo. Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary, present on a small island in the River Tunga is also a part of this Sanctuary. Shettihalli Sanctuary comprises a core zone (10,060 ha), a buffer zone (23,740 ha) and a tourism zone (5,760 ha). (Manjrekar 2000). Despite its proximity to Shimoga town, it still retains forests ranging from dry deciduous to semi-evergreen. There are a large number of human settlements inside Shettihalli Sanctuary, mainly consisting of families that were displaced by the construction of the Sharavathi Dam in the 1960s. The Sanctuary has mostly Dry and Moist Deciduous Forests in the eastern and central parts. Towards the west, with an increase in rainfall, there are Semi-evergreen Forests. Trees of the deciduous parts include Terminalia tomentosa, T. bellerica, Gmelina arborea, Tectona grandis, Anogeissus latifolia, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Wrightia tinctora, Cassia fistula and Emblica officinalis. In the Moist Deciduous Forest, species such as Adina cordifolia, Xylia xylocarpa, Grewia tiliaefolia and Kydia calycina occur. Bamboos Dendrocalamus strictus and Bambusa arundinacea, are also typical of these forests. The Semi-evergreen forests are represented by species of Dipterocarpus, Michelia, Hopea, Schleichera and Bambusa. Plantations of Acacia auriculiformis, Tectona grandis and Grevillea robusta exist in the Sanctuary.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: No work has been done on the avifauna of this IBA site, but the site would have many restricted range, globally threatened and biome-restricted species. Presently it is considered Data Deficient. It is considered as an IBA only because good forest is still found in patches despite tremendous biotic pressures.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The mammalian fauna of the sanctuary includes Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Gaur Bos frontalis, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Bonnet Macaque Macaca radiata, Mongoose Herpestes edwardsi, Elephant Elephas maximus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Langur Semnopithecus entellus, Indian Giant Squirrel Ratufa indica, Common Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista petaurista, and Pangolin Manis Indica. King Cobra Ophiophagus hannah, Indian Rock Python Python molurus, Rat Snake Ptyas mucosus, Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris are among the reptiles that inhabit the IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2003 high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Shettihalli Sanctuary 39,560 is identical to site 39,560  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Plantations
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Ameen Ahmed.


Manjrekar, N. (ed.) (2000): A Walk on the Wild Side. Karnataka Forest Department, Wildlife Wing.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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