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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 76o 50.00' East  12o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 500 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description This large irrigation tank is situated near Kanali village, 15 km southeast of Mandya town. The tank is full throughout the year with canal water supplied from the Krishnarajasagar reservoir. Paddy and sugarcane fields surround the Lake.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: This site can boast of large congregations of Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis, Northern Shoveller Anas clypeata, Garganey A. querquedula, Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa, Brown-headed Gulls Larus brunnicephalus and Whiskered Terns Chlidonias hybridus. The thriving fishing industry sustains a large number of pelicans, as this is the nearest good source of food during the breeding season at Kokkarebellur (an IBA), which is situated 13 km northwest of the Lake. Over 200 Pelicans have been recorded feeding at this site on several occasions. The fisheries also support large numbers of Whiskered Terns, up to 1,500 in some years and Brown-headed Gulls, up to 500-600 in 1994-96 and up to 100 presently. The Northern Shoveller has always been the most abundant duck on the lake, with over 11,000 birds counted in January 2000, just above the 1% population threshold of 10,000 (Wetlands International 2002). Garganey sometimes congregate in enormous numbers prior to emigration in April, as this lake retains water when most other lakes in the region are dry. Between 18,000 - 21,000 birds have been recorded in several years, nearly ten times the threshold limit of 2,500. The site is a regular wintering ground for over 5,000 Black-tailed Godwit, five times the threshold of 1,000 (Wetlands International 2002).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not known.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Brown-headed Gull Larus brunnicephalus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high very unfavourable negligible
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Unknown  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. Manu, Thejaswi Shivanand and A. Shivaprakash.

References 

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sulekere Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

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