|Central coordinates||74o 53.27' East 14o 9.47' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||94 - 1,102m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary lies in the Western Ghats. It has an area of 43,123 ha, but 12,363 ha (and an additional 507 ha of islands) in the eastern part of the Sanctuary is occupied by Linganamakki Reservoir, serving the dam on the Sharavathi river, constructed in 1964-65. The remaining area has been divided into a core zone (7,433 ha), buffer zone (17,067 ha) and tourism zone (5,753 ha). The Sanctuary shares its southwestern boundary with the Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary (Manjrekar 2000). The spectacular Jog Falls, where water from the Sharavathi river falls from a height of almost 300 m, is present on the northern boundary of the Sanctuary. Sharavathi can be reached by road or rail from Bangalore to Talguppa (352 km) via Tumkur, Shimoga and Sagar, then another 7 km by road to the Sanctuary. The Sanctuary has mainly tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen and some tropical moist deciduous forests. The top canopy of the evergreen forests is made up of Dipterocarpus indicus, Calophyllum tomentosum and Machilus macrantha. The middle storey has among others Caryota urens and Aporosa lindleyana. In the Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, common species include Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Hopea parviflora, Dalbergia latifolia, Dillenia pentagyna, Careya arborea, Emblica officinalis, Randia sp., Terminalia sp. and Vitex sp.
AVIFAUNA: Around 50 species of birds are reported from the site (Ameen Ahmed pers. comm. 2003). However, this is only a preliminary list as detailed work has not been done in this IBA. This Sanctuary was selected as an IBA due to its great potential as an Endemic Bird Area, having Western Ghats restricted range bird species.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Sanctuary has a good population of Gaur Bos frontalis, and 3 to 4 groups of Lion-tailed Macaque Macaca silenus. Other mammals of the Sanctuary include Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Bonnet Macaque Macaca radiata, Langur Semnopithecus entellus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Common Otter Lutra lutra and Porcupine Hystrix indica. Reptiles of the Sanctuary include King Cobra Naja naja, Indian Rock Python Python molurus, Rat Snake Ptyas mucosus, Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris and Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Wynaad Laughingthrush Garrulax delesserti||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-bellied Blue-flycatcher Cyornis pallipes||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|2003||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - large dams||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sharavathi Valley||Sanctuary||43,123||is identical to site||43,123|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Thejaswi Shivanand and Ameen Ahmed.
Manjrekar, N. (ed.) (2000) A Walk on the Wild Side. Karnataka Forest Department, Wildlife Wing, Bangalore.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/08/2016
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