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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 76o 39.08' East  12o 22.83' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 68 ha
Altitude 690 - 715m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Rangananthittu is one of the oldest bird sanctuaries of India, having been established in 1940 by the Maharaja of Mysore on the suggestion of Dr. Salim Ali. In independent India, it was officially declared only in 1980. It is situated about 16 km from Mysore, just off the Mysore-Srirangapatnam road. A weir built in the 17th century by the ruler of Mysore across the River Kaveri has impounded water that is carried through an aqueduct to Srirangapatnam. The impounded water forms a large and deep reservoir with a number of islets, which provide good nesting habitat for birds. The Sanctuary is surrounded by irrigated agricultural fields where many birds forage. The flora is mainly riverine vegetation with Salix sp., Terminalia arjuna, Vitex sp., Pongamia pinnata, Ficus sp., Pithecolobium dulce, Pandanus tectorius, Caesalpinia bonducella, bamboos and sedges.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala resident  2004  present  A4i  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ranganathittu Sanctuary 67 is identical to site 67  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: IBA Team, S. Neginhal, Thejaswi Shivanand and S. Subramanya.

References 

Neginhal, S. G. (1983) The birds of Rangananthittu. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.79: 581-593.

Neginhal, S. G. (1993) Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary. In: Bird Conservation- Strategies for the Nineties and beyond. (Eds. A, Verghese, S. Sridhar and A. K. Chakravarthy). Ornithological Society of India, Bangalore. Pp 88-89.

Subramanya, S. (1996) Distribution, status and conservation of Indian heronries. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93: 459-486.

Subramanya, S., Karthikeyan, S. and Prasad, J. N. (1991) Raanganathittu; Flood havoc and aftermath. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 31(9-10): 5-7.

Thejaswi, S. (undated) Ranganathittu- a bird paradise. Booklet. Mysore Amateur Naturalists, Mysore.

Wetlands International (2002) WaterbirdPopulation Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rangananthittu Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

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