|Central coordinates||76o 39.08' East 12o 22.83' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i|
|Altitude||690 - 715m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Rangananthittu is one of the oldest bird sanctuaries of India, having been established in 1940 by the Maharaja of Mysore on the suggestion of Dr. Salim Ali. In independent India, it was officially declared only in 1980. It is situated about 16 km from Mysore, just off the Mysore-Srirangapatnam road. A weir built in the 17th century by the ruler of Mysore across the River Kaveri has impounded water that is carried through an aqueduct to Srirangapatnam. The impounded water forms a large and deep reservoir with a number of islets, which provide good nesting habitat for birds. The Sanctuary is surrounded by irrigated agricultural fields where many birds forage. The flora is mainly riverine vegetation with Salix sp., Terminalia arjuna, Vitex sp., Pongamia pinnata, Ficus sp., Pithecolobium dulce, Pandanus tectorius, Caesalpinia bonducella, bamboos and sedges.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Ranganathittu||Sanctuary||67||is identical to site||67|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: IBA Team, S. Neginhal, Thejaswi Shivanand and S. Subramanya.
Neginhal, S. G. (1983) The birds of Rangananthittu. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.79: 581-593.
Neginhal, S. G. (1993) Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary. In: Bird Conservation- Strategies for the Nineties and beyond. (Eds. A, Verghese, S. Sridhar and A. K. Chakravarthy). Ornithological Society of India, Bangalore. Pp 88-89.
Subramanya, S. (1996) Distribution, status and conservation of Indian heronries. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 93: 459-486.
Subramanya, S., Karthikeyan, S. and Prasad, J. N. (1991) Raanganathittu; Flood havoc and aftermath. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 31(9-10): 5-7.
Thejaswi, S. (undated) Ranganathittu- a bird paradise. Booklet. Mysore Amateur Naturalists, Mysore.
Wetlands International (2002) WaterbirdPopulation Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rangananthittu Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/03/2014
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