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Location Spain, País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 15.00' West  39o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 21,120 ha
Altitude 0 - 60m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A freshwater coastal lagoon with abundant emergent vegetation and several islands, and a coastal Pinus woodland. The area also includes 14,000 ha of rice cultivation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  1997  380-28,732 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1996  3-4 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Vulnerable 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1997  380-11,100 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina resident  1996  104-114 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C3  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis resident  1995  3,800 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C3, C6  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta resident  1995  1,750 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis winter  1997  632-3,460 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta winter  1997  493-2,605 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1995  320 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1995  47-280 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1995  60 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1997  2,382-3,000 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1996  130-342 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  1996  81-135 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola passage  1996  100-200 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1996  163 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii passage  1997  100-400 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Near Threatened 
Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus winter  1997  10,000-58,287 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis resident  1996  471 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1996  79-1,650 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1996  12-206 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida passage  1997  250 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Albufera de Valencia Nature Park 21,000 protected area contained by site 21,120  
Albufera de Valencia Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 21,000 protected area contained by site 21,000  
L'Albufera - ES0000023 Birds Directive 27,538 protected area contains site 21,120  
l'Albufera - ES0000471 Birds Directive 29,286 protected area contains site 21,120  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  73%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 72%
hunting 60%
nature conservation and research 25%
fisheries/aquaculture 10%

Protection status National High International High21,120 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Albufera de Valencia, 21,120 ha). 21,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Albufera de Valencia, 21,000 ha). 21,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Albufera de Valencia, 21,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Albufera de Valencia marshes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife