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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 77o 34.00' East  12o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 64,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description This IBA site is composed of a series of spectacular domed outcrops bordering the plateau on which Bangalore is located, with typical tropical dry deciduous forest and thorn scrub vegetation dominating the landscape, along with areas of millet cultivations including Finger Millet and sorghum, coconut plantations and Eucalyptus jungles.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: The bird life is similar to that encountered in any scrub forest with a good, scattered population of the restricted range peninsular endemic, Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus. Two species of the Critically Endangered Gyps vultures have been recorded from here. This site could be very important for the Yellow-throated Bulbul, a Vulnerable species, according to BirdLife International (2001). Therefore, we are including it in IBA list. We need more information about the general bird life and also about the abundance and distribution of Yellow-throated Bulbul. In drier parts of Karnataka, wherever boulder-strewn scrub forests survive, this bulbul is found. We need to find out the areas that have significant populations. Ramanagara Reserve Forest could be one of them, but we need more information.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Large mammals found in the IBA include Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Wild boar Sus Scrofa, Bonnet Macaque Macoca radiata, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Acknowledgements Key contributor: S. Subramanya.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ramanagara Reserve Forest. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife