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Location India, Karnataka
Central coordinates 76o 8.93' East  12o 1.05' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 64,339 ha
Altitude 701 - 959m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Situated within the southeastern parts of Kodagu (Coorg) and southwestern parts of Mysore district, Nagarhole NP borders Kerala State, while Mysore city is about 50 km to its northeast. The southern border is contiguous with the reservoir of the Kabini River Dam. The southeastern boundary follows the state border, while the western border runs along the Mysore-Mangalore highway. The northern boundary extends along this road to just south of Hunsur and the eastern boundary runs from this point south to the Kabini Reservoir. The Brahmagiri Hills lie west of the Park. Nagarhole forms a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and together with the Bandipur Tiger Reserves (87,500 ha) and Mudumalai National Park (32,500 ha) on the southeast and the Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary (35,000 ha) on the southwest forms the largest protected forest tract in peninsular India. There are two main types of vegetation: Moist Deciduous Forest in the northern and western parts of the IBA, and Dry Deciduous Forest in the southeastern part. The Moist Deciduous Forests are tall and dense, with a two-storey canopy. The upper canopy, at approximately 30 m, is dominated by Terminalia tomentosa, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Pterocarpus marsupium, Grewia tiliaefolia, Dalbergia latifolia and Tectona grandis. The lower canopy has the prolific fruit bearers: Phyllanthus emblica, Dillenia pentagyna and Randia sp. The shrub layer is usually very dense and varied in composition. A unique feature of these forests is the open grassy swamps, locally called hadlus, where the grass is lush all the year round. In the Dry Deciduous Forest, the canopy is lower and trees are more widely spaced. A second canopy is barely discernable. Many moist forest trees are also present: Anogeissus latifolia is usually the commonest; Cassia fistula, Butea monosperma and Dendrocalamus strictus are all common. Patches of open grassland are present (Karanth 1983; Israel and Sinclair 1987). The bamboo flowering occurs every 40-50 years (Seshadri 1986). Much of the Park is covered by plantations of teak and species of Eucalyptus (Nair et al. 1978).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Malabar Parakeet Psittacula columboides 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Treepie Dendrocitta leucogastra 2004  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nagarahole National Park 64,339 is identical to site 64,339  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research

References 

Andheria, A. (1999) Birds of Nagarhole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park, Karnataka. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 39 (4): 58-60.

Anon.(1987) A preliminary checklist of birds of Nagarhole and environs. Wildlife Department, Karapur, Jungle Lodge and Resort. Unpublished.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Israel, S. and Sinclair, T. (1987) Indian Wildlife, APA Productions, Hong Kong. Pp. 363.

Karanth, U. (1983) Nagarhole. Sanctuary- Asia 3: 140-153.

Nair, S. C., Nair, P. V., Sharatchandra, H. C. and Gadgil, M. (1978) An ecological reconnaissance of the proposed Jawahar National Park. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 74: 401-435.

Seshadri, B. (1986) India’s wildlife and wildlife reserves. Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nagarhole National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014

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